Non-small cell lung cancer, EGFR-mutated

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Note: these are biomarker-specific regimens, please see the main NSCLC page for other regimens.

12 regimens on this page
14 variants on this page


Guidelines

IASLC

Adjuvant therapy

Gefitinib monotherapy

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Regimen

Study Evidence Comparator Efficacy
Zhong et al. 2017 (ADJUVANT/CTONG1104) Phase III (E) Cisplatin & Vinorelbine Superior DFS

Preceding treatment

  • Surgery

Chemotherapy

24-month course

References

  1. Zhong WZ, Wang Q, Mao WM, Xu ST, Wu L, Shen Y, Liu YY, Chen C, Cheng Y, Xu L, Wang J, Fei K, Li XF, Li J, Huang C, Liu ZD, Xu S, Chen KN, Xu SD, Liu LX, Yu P, Wang BH, Ma HT, Yan HH, Yang XN, Zhou Q, Wu YL; ADJUVANT investigators. Gefitinib versus vinorelbine plus cisplatin as adjuvant treatment for stage II-IIIA (N1-N2) EGFR-mutant NSCLC (ADJUVANT/CTONG1104): a randomised, open-label, phase 3 study. Lancet Oncol. 2018 Jan;19(1):139-148. Epub 2017 Nov 21. link to original article contains protocol PubMed

Advanced or metastatic disease, EGFR inhibitor-naive

Afatinib monotherapy

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Variant #1, 30 mg/d

FDA-recommended dose

This is the FDA-recommended dose for patients with "severe renal impairment".

Chemotherapy

Given indefinitely

Variant #2, 40 mg/d

FDA-recommended dose
Study Evidence Comparator Efficacy
Yang et al. 2012 (LUX-Lung 2) Phase II ORR: 61%
Sequist et al. 2013 (LUX-Lung 3) Phase III (E) Cisplatin & Pemetrexed Superior PFS
Wu et al. 2014 (LUX-Lung 6) Phase III (E) Cisplatin & Gemcitabine Superior PFS
Park et al. 2016 (LUX-Lung 7) Randomized Phase II (E) Gefitinib Seems to have superior PFS

Chemotherapy

  • Afatinib (Gilotrif) 40 mg PO once per day, given 1 hour before eating food (LUX-Lung 2: "no food intake immediately before or after afatinib")
    • In LUX-Lung 3, patients could be increased to 50 mg PO once per day if they did not experience any grade 2 or higher rash, diarrhea, mucositis, or other drug-related adverse event.

Given indefinitely

References

  1. LUX-Lung 2: Yang JC, Shih JY, Su WC, Hsia TC, Tsai CM, Ou SH, Yu CJ, Chang GC, Ho CL, Sequist LV, Dudek AZ, Shahidi M, Cong XJ, Lorence RM, Yang PC, Miller VA. Afatinib for patients with lung adenocarcinoma and epidermal growth factor receptor mutations (LUX-Lung 2): a phase 2 trial. Lancet Oncol. 2012 May;13(5):539-48. Epub 2012 Mar 26. link to original article contains verified protocol PubMed
  2. LUX-Lung 3: Sequist LV, Yang JC, Yamamoto N, O'Byrne K, Hirsh V, Mok T, Geater SL, Orlov S, Tsai CM, Boyer M, Su WC, Bennouna J, Kato T, Gorbunova V, Lee KH, Shah R, Massey D, Zazulina V, Shahidi M, Schuler M. Phase III study of afatinib or cisplatin plus pemetrexed in patients with metastatic lung adenocarcinoma with EGFR mutations. J Clin Oncol. 2013 Sep 20;31(27):3327-34. Epub 2013 Jul 1. link to original article contains verified protocol PubMed
    1. Subgroup analysis: Yang JC, Hirsh V, Schuler M, Yamamoto N, O'Byrne KJ, Mok TS, Zazulina V, Shahidi M, Lungershausen J, Massey D, Palmer M, Sequist LV. Symptom Control and Quality of Life in LUX-Lung 3: A Phase III Study of Afatinib or Cisplatin/Pemetrexed in Patients With Advanced Lung Adenocarcinoma With EGFR Mutations. J Clin Oncol. 2013 Sep 20;31(27):3342-50. Epub 2013 Jul 1. link to original article contains verified protocol PubMed
    2. Update: Yang JC, Wu YL, Schuler M, Sebastian M, Popat S, Yamamoto N, Zhou C, Hu CP, O'Byrne K, Feng J, Lu S, Huang Y, Geater SL, Lee KY, Tsai CM, Gorbunova V, Hirsh V, Bennouna J, Orlov S, Mok T, Boyer M, Su WC, Lee KH, Kato T, Massey D, Shahidi M, Zazulina V, Sequist LV. Afatinib versus cisplatin-based chemotherapy for EGFR mutation-positive lung adenocarcinoma (LUX-Lung 3 and LUX-Lung 6): analysis of overall survival data from two randomised, phase 3 trials. Lancet Oncol. 2015 Feb;16(2):141-51. link to original article PubMed
    3. Subgroup analysis: Schuler M, Wu YL, Hirsh V, O'Byrne K, Yamamoto N, Mok T, Popat S, Sequist LV, Massey D, Zazulina V, Yang JC. First-line afatinib versus chemotherapy in patients with non-small cell lung cancer and common epidermal growth factor receptor gene mutations and brain metastases. J Thorac Oncol. 2016 Mar;11(3):380-90. link to original article PubMed
  3. LUX-Lung 6: Wu YL, Zhou C, Hu CP, Feng J, Lu S, Huang Y, Li W, Hou M, Shi JH, Lee KY, Xu CR, Massey D, Kim M, Shi Y, Geater SL. Afatinib versus cisplatin plus gemcitabine for first-line treatment of Asian patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer harbouring EGFR mutations (LUX-Lung 6): an open-label, randomised phase 3 trial. Lancet Oncol. 2014 Feb;15(2):213-22. link to original article contains verified protocol PubMed
    1. Update: Yang JC, Wu YL, Schuler M, Sebastian M, Popat S, Yamamoto N, Zhou C, Hu CP, O'Byrne K, Feng J, Lu S, Huang Y, Geater SL, Lee KY, Tsai CM, Gorbunova V, Hirsh V, Bennouna J, Orlov S, Mok T, Boyer M, Su WC, Lee KH, Kato T, Massey D, Shahidi M, Zazulina V, Sequist LV. Afatinib versus cisplatin-based chemotherapy for EGFR mutation-positive lung adenocarcinoma (LUX-Lung 3 and LUX-Lung 6): analysis of overall survival data from two randomised, phase 3 trials. Lancet Oncol. 2015 Feb;16(2):141-51. link to original article PubMed
    2. Subgroup analysis: Schuler M, Wu YL, Hirsh V, O'Byrne K, Yamamoto N, Mok T, Popat S, Sequist LV, Massey D, Zazulina V, Yang JC. First-line afatinib versus chemotherapy in patients with non-small cell lung cancer and common epidermal growth factor receptor gene mutations and brain metastases. J Thorac Oncol. 2016 Mar;11(3):380-90. link to original article PubMed
  4. LUX-Lung 7: Park K, Tan EH, O'Byrne K, Zhang L, Boyer M, Mok T, Hirsh V, Yang JC, Lee KH, Lu S, Shi Y, Kim SW, Laskin J, Kim DW, Arvis CD, Kölbeck K, Laurie SA, Tsai CM, Shahidi M, Kim M, Massey D, Zazulina V, Paz-Ares L. Afatinib versus gefitinib as first-line treatment of patients with EGFR mutation-positive non-small-cell lung cancer (LUX-Lung 7): a phase 2B, open-label, randomised controlled trial. Lancet Oncol. 2016 May;17(5):577-89. Epub 2016 Apr 12. link to original article contains protocol PubMed

Carboplatin & Gemcitabine/Erlotinib

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Regimen

Study Evidence Comparator Efficacy
Wu et al. 2013 (FASTACT-2) Phase III (E) Carboplatin & Gemcitabine Seems to have superior OS

Note: this cohort was enriched for EGFR mutations and only those patients with an activating EGFR gene mutation were noted to have a treatment benefit in favor of the experimental arm.

Chemotherapy

28-day cycle for 4 cycles

References

  1. FASTACT-2: Wu YL, Lee JS, Thongprasert S, Yu CJ, Zhang L, Ladrera G, Srimuninnimit V, Sriuranpong V, Sandoval-Tan J, Zhu Y, Liao M, Zhou C, Pan H, Lee V, Chen YM, Sun Y, Margono B, Fuerte F, Chang GC, Seetalarom K, Wang J, Cheng A, Syahruddin E, Qian X, Ho J, Kurnianda J, Liu HE, Jin K, Truman M, Bara I, Mok T. Intercalated combination of chemotherapy and erlotinib for patients with advanced stage non-small-cell lung cancer (FASTACT-2): a randomised, double-blind trial. Lancet Oncol. 2013 Jul;14(8):777-86. Epub 2013 Jun 17. link to original article contains protocol PubMed

Cisplatin & Gemcitabine/Erlotinib

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Regimen

Study Evidence Comparator Efficacy
Wu et al. 2013 (FASTACT-2) Phase III (E) Cisplatin & Gemcitabine Seems to have superior OS

Note: this cohort was enriched for EGFR mutations and only those patients with an activating EGFR gene mutation were noted to have a treatment benefit in favor of the experimental arm.

Chemotherapy

28-day cycle for 4 cycles

References

  1. FASTACT-2: Wu YL, Lee JS, Thongprasert S, Yu CJ, Zhang L, Ladrera G, Srimuninnimit V, Sriuranpong V, Sandoval-Tan J, Zhu Y, Liao M, Zhou C, Pan H, Lee V, Chen YM, Sun Y, Margono B, Fuerte F, Chang GC, Seetalarom K, Wang J, Cheng A, Syahruddin E, Qian X, Ho J, Kurnianda J, Liu HE, Jin K, Truman M, Bara I, Mok T. Intercalated combination of chemotherapy and erlotinib for patients with advanced stage non-small-cell lung cancer (FASTACT-2): a randomised, double-blind trial. Lancet Oncol. 2013 Jul;14(8):777-86. Epub 2013 Jun 17. link to original article contains protocol PubMed

Erlotinib monotherapy

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Variant #1

FDA-recommended dose
Study Evidence Comparator Efficacy
Zhou et al. 2011 (OPTIMAL) Phase III (E) Carboplatin & Gemcitabine Superior PFS
Rossell et al. 2012 (EURTAC) Phase III (E) 1. Carboplatin & Docetaxel
2. Carboplatin & Gemcitabine
3. Cisplatin & Docetaxel
4. Cisplatin & Gemcitabine
Superior PFS
Ramalingam et al. 2012 Randomized Phase II (C) Dacomitinib Seems to have inferior PFS
Seto et al. 2014 (JO25567) Randomized Phase II (C) Erlotinib & Bevacizumab Inferior PFS
Ramalingam et al. 2014 (ARCHER 1009) Phase III (E) Dacomitinib Seems not superior
Wu et al. 2015 (ENSURE) Phase III (E) Cisplatin & Gemcitabine Superior PFS
Yang et al. 2017 (CTONG 0901) Phase III (C) Gefitinib Seems not superior
Soria et al. 2017 (FLAURA) Phase III (C) Osimertinib Inferior PFS

Note: these are all trials restricted to patients with EGFR-mutated lung cancer. Some trials of erlotinib in unselected populations nevertheless had high rates of EGFR-mutated lung cancers, due to the nature of the populations studied. See the main NSCLC page for these trials.

Chemotherapy

Continued until progression or intolerance

Variant #2, low-dose

Study Evidence
Yeo et al. 2010 Retrospective

Chemotherapy

Continued until progression or intolerance

References

  1. Retrospective: Yeo WL, Riely GJ, Yeap BY, Lau MW, Warner JL, Bodio K, Huberman MS, Kris MG, Tenen DG, Pao W, Kobayashi S, Costa DB. Erlotinib at a dose of 25 mg daily for non-small cell lung cancers with EGFR mutations. J Thorac Oncol. 2010 Jul;5(7):1048-53. link to PMC article PubMed
  2. OPTIMAL: Zhou C, Wu YL, Chen G, Feng J, Liu XQ, Wang C, Zhang S, Wang J, Zhou S, Ren S, Lu S, Zhang L, Hu C, Hu C, Luo Y, Chen L, Ye M, Huang J, Zhi X, Zhang Y, Xiu Q, Ma J, Zhang L, You C. Erlotinib versus chemotherapy as first-line treatment for patients with advanced EGFR mutation-positive non-small-cell lung cancer (OPTIMAL, CTONG-0802): a multicentre, open-label, randomised, phase 3 study. Lancet Oncol. 2011 Aug;12(8):735-42. Epub 2011 Jul 23. link to original article contains protocol PubMed
    1. Update: Zhou C, Wu YL, Chen G, Feng J, Liu XQ, Wang C, Zhang S, Wang J, Zhou S, Ren S, Lu S, Zhang L, Hu C, Hu C, Luo Y, Chen L, Ye M, Huang J, Zhi X, Zhang Y, Xiu Q, Ma J, Zhang L, You C. Final overall survival results from a randomised, phase III study of erlotinib versus chemotherapy as first-line treatment of EGFR mutation-positive advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (OPTIMAL, CTONG-0802). Ann Oncol. 2015 Sep;26(9):1877-83. Epub 2015 Jul 3. link to original article PubMed
  3. EURTAC: Rosell R, Carcereny E, Gervais R, Vergnenegre A, Massuti B, Felip E, Palmero R, Garcia-Gomez R, Pallares C, Sanchez JM, Porta R, Cobo M, Garrido P, Longo F, Moran T, Insa A, De Marinis F, Corre R, Bover I, Illiano A, Dansin E, de Castro J, Milella M, Reguart N, Altavilla G, Jimenez U, Provencio M, Moreno MA, Terrasa J, Muñoz-Langa J, Valdivia J, Isla D, Domine M, Molinier O, Mazieres J, Baize N, Garcia-Campelo R, Robinet G, Rodriguez-Abreu D, Lopez-Vivanco G, Gebbia V, Ferrera-Delgado L, Bombaron P, Bernabe R, Bearz A, Artal A, Cortesi E, Rolfo C, Sanchez-Ronco M, Drozdowskyj A, Queralt C, de Aguirre I, Ramirez JL, Sanchez JJ, Molina MA, Taron M, Paz-Ares L; Spanish Lung Cancer Group in collaboration with Groupe Français de Pneumo-Cancérologie and Associazione Italiana Oncologia Toracica. Erlotinib versus standard chemotherapy as first-line treatment for European patients with advanced EGFR mutation-positive non-small-cell lung cancer (EURTAC): a multicentre, open-label, randomised phase 3 trial. Lancet Oncol. 2012 Mar;13(3):239-46. Epub 2012 Jan 26. link to original article contains protocol PubMed
  4. Ramalingam SS, Blackhall F, Krzakowski M, Barrios CH, Park K, Bover I, Seog Heo D, Rosell R, Talbot DC, Frank R, Letrent SP, Ruiz-Garcia A, Taylor I, Liang JQ, Campbell AK, O'Connell J, Boyer M. Randomized phase II study of dacomitinib (PF-00299804), an irreversible pan-human epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitor, versus erlotinib in patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer. J Clin Oncol. 2012 Sep 20;30(27):3337-44. Epub 2012 Jul 2. link to original article link to PMC article contains protocol PubMed
  5. JO25567: Seto T, Kato T, Nishio M, Goto K, Atagi S, Hosomi Y, Yamamoto N, Hida T, Maemondo M, Nakagawa K, Nagase S, Okamoto I, Yamanaka T, Tajima K, Harada R, Fukuoka M, Yamamoto N. Erlotinib alone or with bevacizumab as first-line therapy in patients with advanced non-squamous non-small-cell lung cancer harbouring EGFR mutations (JO25567): an open-label, randomised, multicentre, phase 2 study. Lancet Oncol. 2014 Oct;15(11):1236-44. Epub 2014 Aug 27. Erratum in: Lancet Oncol. 2014 Oct;15(11):e475. link to original article contains protocol PubMed
  6. ARCHER 1009: Ramalingam SS, Jänne PA, Mok T, O'Byrne K, Boyer MJ, Von Pawel J, Pluzanski A, Shtivelband M, Docampo LI, Bennouna J, Zhang H, Liang JQ, Doherty JP, Taylor I, Mather CB, Goldberg Z, O'Connell J, Paz-Ares L. Dacomitinib versus erlotinib in patients with advanced-stage, previously treated non-small-cell lung cancer (ARCHER 1009): a randomised, double-blind, phase 3 trial. Lancet Oncol. 2014 Nov;15(12):1369-78. Epub 2014 Oct 15. link to original article contains protocol PubMed
  7. ENSURE: Wu YL, Zhou C, Liam CK, Wu G, Liu X, Zhong Z, Lu S, Cheng Y, Han B, Chen L, Huang C, Qin S, Zhu Y, Pan H, Liang H, Li E, Jiang G, How SH, Fernando MC, Zhang Y, Xia F, Zuo Y. First-line erlotinib versus gemcitabine/cisplatin in patients with advanced EGFR mutation-positive non-small-cell lung cancer: analyses from the phase III, randomized, open-label, ENSURE study. Ann Oncol. 2015 Sep;26(9):1883-9. Epub 2015 Jun 23. link to original article contains verified protocol PubMed
  8. CTONG 0901: Yang JJ, Zhou Q, Yan HH, Zhang XC, Chen HJ, Tu HY, Wang Z, Xu CR, Su J, Wang BC, Jiang BY, Bai XY, Zhong WZ, Yang XN, Wu YL. A phase III randomised controlled trial of erlotinib vs gefitinib in advanced non-small cell lung cancer with EGFR mutations. Br J Cancer. 2017 Feb 28;116(5):568-574. Epub 2017 Jan 19. link to original article contains protocol link to PMC article PubMed
  9. FLAURA: Soria JC, Ohe Y, Vansteenkiste J, Reungwetwattana T, Chewaskulyong B, Lee KH, Dechaphunkul A, Imamura F, Nogami N, Kurata T, Okamoto I, Zhou C, Cho BC, Cheng Y, Cho EK, Voon PJ, Planchard D, Su WC, Gray JE, Lee SM, Hodge R, Marotti M, Rukazenkov Y, Ramalingam SS; FLAURA Investigators. Osimertinib in untreated EGFR-mutated advanced non-small-cell lung cancer. N Engl J Med. 2018 Jan 11;378(2):113-125. Epub 2017 Nov 18. link to original article contains verified protocol PubMed

Erlotinib & Bevacizumab

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Variant #1

Study Evidence Comparator Efficacy
Seto et al. 2014 (JO25567) Randomized Phase II (E) Erlotinib Superior PFS

Chemotherapy

21-day cycles, continued until progression or intolerance

References

  1. JO25567: Seto T, Kato T, Nishio M, Goto K, Atagi S, Hosomi Y, Yamamoto N, Hida T, Maemondo M, Nakagawa K, Nagase S, Okamoto I, Yamanaka T, Tajima K, Harada R, Fukuoka M, Yamamoto N. Erlotinib alone or with bevacizumab as first-line therapy in patients with advanced non-squamous non-small-cell lung cancer harbouring EGFR mutations (JO25567): an open-label, randomised, multicentre, phase 2 study. Lancet Oncol. 2014 Oct;15(11):1236-44. Epub 2014 Aug 27. Erratum in: Lancet Oncol. 2014 Oct;15(11):e475. link to original article contains protocol PubMed

Gefitinib monotherapy

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Regimen

FDA-recommended dose
Study Evidence Comparator Efficacy
Mitsudomi et al. 2009 (WJTOG3405) Phase III (E) Cisplatin & Docetaxel Superior PFS
Maemondo et al. 2010 (NEJ002) Phase III (E) Carboplatin & Paclitaxel Superior PFS
Douillard et al. 2014 (IFUM) Phase IV ORR: 70% (95% CI: 60.5–78)
Park et al. 2016 (LUX-Lung 7) Randomized Phase II (C) Afatinib Seems to have inferior PFS
Urata et al. 2016 (WJOG 5108L) Phase III (C) Erlotinib Inconclusive whether non-inferior
Cheng et al. 2016 Randomized Phase II (C) P+G Seems to have inferior PFS
Yang et al. 2017 (CTONG 0901) Phase III (C) Erlotinib Seems not superior
Wu et al. 2017 (ARCHER 1050) Phase III (C) Dacomitinib Seems to have inferior OS (*)
Soria et al. 2017 (FLAURA) Phase III (C) Osimertinib Inferior PFS

Note: these are all trials restricted to EGFR-mutated lung cancer, with the exception of WJOG 5108L, which nevertheless had 72% EGFR-mutated patients. Efficacy for ARCHER 1050 is based on the 2018 update.

Chemotherapy

Continued indefinitely

References

  1. WJTOG3405: Mitsudomi T, Morita S, Yatabe Y, Negoro S, Okamoto I, Tsurutani J, Seto T, Satouchi M, Tada H, Hirashima T, Asami K, Katakami N, Takada M, Yoshioka H, Shibata K, Kudoh S, Shimizu E, Saito H, Toyooka S, Nakagawa K, Fukuoka M; West Japan Oncology Group. Gefitinib versus cisplatin plus docetaxel in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer harbouring mutations of the epidermal growth factor receptor (WJTOG3405): an open label, randomised phase 3 trial. Lancet Oncol. 2010 Feb;11(2):121-8. Epub 2009 Dec 18. link to original article contains verified protocol PubMed
  2. NEJ002: Maemondo M, Inoue A, Kobayashi K, Sugawara S, Oizumi S, Isobe H, Gemma A, Harada M, Yoshizawa H, Kinoshita I, Fujita Y, Okinaga S, Hirano H, Yoshimori K, Harada T, Ogura T, Ando M, Miyazawa H, Tanaka T, Saijo Y, Hagiwara K, Morita S, Nukiwa T; North-East Japan Study Group. Gefitinib or chemotherapy for non-small-cell lung cancer with mutated EGFR. N Engl J Med. 2010 Jun 24;362(25):2380-8. link to original article contains verified protocol PubMed
    1. Update: Inoue A, Kobayashi K, Maemondo M, Sugawara S, Oizumi S, Isobe H, Gemma A, Harada M, Yoshizawa H, Kinoshita I, Fujita Y, Okinaga S, Hirano H, Yoshimori K, Harada T, Saijo Y, Hagiwara K, Morita S, Nukiwa T; North-East Japan Study Group. Updated overall survival results from a randomized phase III trial comparing gefitinib with carboplatin-paclitaxel for chemo-naïve non-small cell lung cancer with sensitive EGFR gene mutations (NEJ002). Ann Oncol. 2013 Jan;24(1):54-9. Epub 2012 Sep 11. link to original article PubMed
  3. IFUM: Douillard JY, Ostoros G, Cobo M, Ciuleanu T, McCormack R, Webster A, Milenkova T. First-line gefitinib in Caucasian EGFR mutation-positive NSCLC patients: a phase-IV, open-label, single-arm study. Br J Cancer. 2014 Jan 7;110(1):55-62. contains verified protocol link to PMC article PubMed
  4. LUX-Lung 7: Park K, Tan EH, O'Byrne K, Zhang L, Boyer M, Mok T, Hirsh V, Yang JC, Lee KH, Lu S, Shi Y, Kim SW, Laskin J, Kim DW, Arvis CD, Kölbeck K, Laurie SA, Tsai CM, Shahidi M, Kim M, Massey D, Zazulina V, Paz-Ares L. Afatinib versus gefitinib as first-line treatment of patients with EGFR mutation-positive non-small-cell lung cancer (LUX-Lung 7): a phase 2B, open-label, randomised controlled trial. Lancet Oncol. 2016 May;17(5):577-89. Epub 2016 Apr 12. link to original article contains protocol PubMed
  5. WJOG 5108L: Urata Y, Katakami N, Morita S, Kaji R, Yoshioka H, Seto T, Satouchi M, Iwamoto Y, Kanehara M, Fujimoto D, Ikeda N, Murakami H, Daga H, Oguri T, Goto I, Imamura F, Sugawara S, Saka H, Nogami N, Negoro S, Nakagawa K, Nakanishi Y. Randomized phase III study comparing gefitinib with erlotinib in patients with previously treated advanced lung adenocarcinoma: WJOG 5108L. J Clin Oncol. 2016 Sep 20;34(27):3248-57. Epub 2016 Mar 28. link to original article contains verified protocol PubMed
  6. Cheng Y, Murakami H, Yang PC, He J, Nakagawa K, Kang JH, Kim JH, Wang X, Enatsu S, Puri T, Orlando M, Yang JC. Randomized phase II trial of gefitinib with and without pemetrexed as first-line therapy in patients with advanced nonsquamous non-small-cell lung cancer with activating epidermal growth factor receptor mutations. J Clin Oncol. 2016 Sep 20;34(27):3258-66. Epub 2016 Aug 9. link to original article contains verified protocol PubMed
  7. CTONG 0901: Yang JJ, Zhou Q, Yan HH, Zhang XC, Chen HJ, Tu HY, Wang Z, Xu CR, Su J, Wang BC, Jiang BY, Bai XY, Zhong WZ, Yang XN, Wu YL. A phase III randomised controlled trial of erlotinib vs gefitinib in advanced non-small cell lung cancer with EGFR mutations. Br J Cancer. 2017 Feb 28;116(5):568-574. Epub 2017 Jan 19. link to original article contains protocol link to PMC article PubMed
  8. ARCHER 1050: Wu YL, Cheng Y, Zhou X, Lee KH, Nakagawa K, Niho S, Tsuji F, Linke R, Rosell R, Corral J, Migliorino MR, Pluzanski A, Sbar EI, Wang T, White JL, Nadanaciva S, Sandin R, Mok TS. Dacomitinib versus gefitinib as first-line treatment for patients with EGFR-mutation-positive non-small-cell lung cancer (ARCHER 1050): a randomised, open-label, phase 3 trial. Lancet Oncol. 2017 Nov;18(11):1454-1466. Epub 2017 Sep 25. link to original article contains verified protocol PubMed
    1. Update: Mok TS, Cheng Y, Zhou X, Lee KH, Nakagawa K, Niho S, Lee M, Linke R, Rosell R, Corral J, Migliorino MR, Pluzanski A, Sbar EI, Wang T, White JL, Wu YL. Improvement in overall survival in a randomized study that compared dacomitinib with gefitinib in patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer and EGFR-activating mutations. J Clin Oncol. 2018 Aug 1;36(22):2244-2250. Epub 2018 Jun 4. link to original article PubMed
  9. FLAURA: Soria JC, Ohe Y, Vansteenkiste J, Reungwetwattana T, Chewaskulyong B, Lee KH, Dechaphunkul A, Imamura F, Nogami N, Kurata T, Okamoto I, Zhou C, Cho BC, Cheng Y, Cho EK, Voon PJ, Planchard D, Su WC, Gray JE, Lee SM, Hodge R, Marotti M, Rukazenkov Y, Ramalingam SS; FLAURA Investigators. Osimertinib in untreated EGFR-mutated advanced non-small-cell lung cancer. N Engl J Med. 2018 Jan 11;378(2):113-125. Epub 2017 Nov 18. link to original article contains verified protocol PubMed

Gefitinib & Pemetrexed

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P+G: Pemetrexed and Gefitinib

Regimen

Study Evidence Comparator Efficacy
Cheng et al. 2016 Randomized Phase II (E) Gefitinib Seems to have superior PFS

Chemotherapy

21-day cycles, given until progression of objective disease or unacceptable toxicity

References

  1. Cheng Y, Murakami H, Yang PC, He J, Nakagawa K, Kang JH, Kim JH, Wang X, Enatsu S, Puri T, Orlando M, Yang JC. Randomized phase II trial of gefitinib with and without pemetrexed as first-line therapy in patients with advanced nonsquamous non-small-cell lung cancer with activating epidermal growth factor receptor mutations. J Clin Oncol. 2016 Sep 20;34(27):3258-66. Epub 2016 Aug 9. link to original article contains verified protocol PubMed

Icotinib monotherapy

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Regimen

Study Evidence Comparator Efficacy
Shi et al. 2017 (CONVINCE) Phase III (E) Cisplatin & Pemetrexed x 4, then Pemetrexed maintenance Superior PFS

Note: this drug is only approved in China; eligible patients had stage IIIB/IV lung adenocarcinoma and exon 19/21 EGFR mutations.

Chemotherapy

Continued indefinitely

References

  1. CONVINCE: Shi YK, Wang L, Han BH, Li W, Yu P, Liu YP, Ding CM, Song X, Ma ZY, Ren XL, Feng JF, Zhang HL, Chen GY, Han XH, Wu N, Yao C, Song Y, Zhang SC, Song W, Liu XQ, Zhao SJ, Lin YC, Ye XQ, Li K, Shu YQ, Ding LM, Tan FL, Sun Y. First-line icotinib versus cisplatin/pemetrexed plus pemetrexed maintenance therapy for patients with advanced EGFR mutation-positive lung adenocarcinoma (CONVINCE): a phase 3, open-label, randomized study. Ann Oncol. 2017 Oct 1;28(10):2443-2450. link to original article contains verified protocol PubMed

Osimertinib monotherapy

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Regimen

FDA-recommended dose
Study Evidence Comparator Efficacy
Soria et al. 2017 (FLAURA) Phase III (E) Erlotinib
Gefitinib
Superior PFS

Patients were required to have EGFR exon 19 deletion or p.L858R mutation.

Chemotherapy

Given until progression of disease or unacceptable toxicity

References

  1. FLAURA: Soria JC, Ohe Y, Vansteenkiste J, Reungwetwattana T, Chewaskulyong B, Lee KH, Dechaphunkul A, Imamura F, Nogami N, Kurata T, Okamoto I, Zhou C, Cho BC, Cheng Y, Cho EK, Voon PJ, Planchard D, Su WC, Gray JE, Lee SM, Hodge R, Marotti M, Rukazenkov Y, Ramalingam SS; FLAURA Investigators. Osimertinib in untreated EGFR-mutated advanced non-small-cell lung cancer. N Engl J Med. 2018 Jan 11;378(2):113-125. Epub 2017 Nov 18. link to original article contains verified protocol PubMed

Advanced or metastatic disease, EGFR inhibitor-exposed

Afatinib monotherapy

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Regimen

Study Evidence Efficacy
Katakami et al. 2013 (LUX-Lung 4) Phase II ORR: 8% (95% CI: 3-18)

In LUX-Lung 4, 72.6% of patients were EGFR mutation positive. This was third or fourth line therapy for participants, who had progressed while receiving erlotinib and/or gefitinib and had received one or two previous lines of chemotherapy, including at least one platinum-based regimen.

Chemotherapy

Given indefinitely

References

  1. LUX-Lung 4: Katakami N, Atagi S, Goto K, Hida T, Horai T, Inoue A, Ichinose Y, Koboyashi K, Takeda K, Kiura K, Nishio K, Seki Y, Ebisawa R, Shahidi M, Yamamoto N. LUX-Lung 4: a phase II trial of afatinib in patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer who progressed during prior treatment with erlotinib, gefitinib, or both. J Clin Oncol. 2013 Sep 20;31(27):3335-41. Epub 2013 Jul 1. link to original article contains verified protocol PubMed

Advanced or metastatic disease, EGFR p.T790M mutation

Osimertinib monotherapy

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Regimen

FDA-recommended dose
Study Evidence Comparator Efficacy
Jänne et al. 2015 (AURA) Phase 1, >20 pts in this dosing cohort
Mok et al. 2016 (AURA3) Phase III (E) Carboplatin & Pemetrexed
Cisplatin & Pemetrexed
Superior PFS

Patients enrolled in AURA3 had locally advanced or metastatic NSCLC with progression after first-line EGFR TKI therapy, and were required to have presence of an EGFR p.T790M mutation.

Chemotherapy

Given until progression of disease or unacceptable toxicity

References

  1. Phase 1: Jänne PA, Yang JC, Kim DW, Planchard D, Ohe Y, Ramalingam SS, Ahn MJ, Kim SW, Su WC, Horn L, Haggstrom D, Felip E, Kim JH, Frewer P, Cantarini M, Brown KH, Dickinson PA, Ghiorghiu S, Ranson M. AZD9291 in EGFR inhibitor-resistant non-small-cell lung cancer. N Engl J Med. 2015 Apr 30;372(18):1689-99. link to original article contains verified protocol PubMed
  2. AURA3: Mok TS, Wu YL, Ahn MJ, Garassino MC, Kim HR, Ramalingam SS, Shepherd FA, He Y, Akamatsu H, Theelen WS, Lee CK, Sebastian M, Templeton A, Mann H, Marotti M, Ghiorghiu S, Papadimitrakopoulou VA; AURA3 Investigators. Osimertinib or platinum-pemetrexed in EGFR T790M-positive lung cancer. N Engl J Med. 2017 Feb 16;376(7):629-640. Epub 2016 Dec 6. link to original article contains verified protocol PubMed
    1. Subgroup analysis: Wu YL, Ahn MJ, Garassino MC, Han JY, Katakami N, Kim HR, Hodge R, Kaur P, Brown AP, Ghiorghiu D, Papadimitrakopoulou VA, Mok TSK. CNS efficacy of osimertinib in patients with T790M-positive advanced non-small-cell lung cancer: data from a randomized phase III trial (AURA3). J Clin Oncol. 2018 Sep 10;36(26):2702-2709. Epub 2018 Jul 30. link to original article PubMed