Help:Contents

From HemOnc.org - A Hematology Oncology Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search

Welcome to HemOnc.org! The information below is intended to help new members learn how to edit and create pages on the site. This content has been adapted from the following sources[1][2] and the content on this page is released under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

Detailed information about editing pages can be found below. The following general principles apply when editing content on this site:

  1. You must be signed in to your account to make any edits.
  2. You may edit any page you wish by clicking the "edit" button at the top of every page.

  3. To create a new page, you can use the text box above--type in the name of the new page and click "Create page." Or, to create a page titled "Name," just modify the following address with the name of the page you want to create, and go to it with your web browser: http://hemonc.org/wiki/Name. As another example, to create a page called "Screening," go to this address in your web browser http://hemonc.org/wiki/Screening, and click the create button.
  4. Try your best to adhere to the style guide's standard formatting for pages.
  5. Feel free to edit or make new pages. Assume that any information you find useful will be useful to somebody else! Don't be worried too much about not formatting things correctly; all contributions will be reviewed by the senior members of the site, with necessary changes made as necessary. With that in mind, don't feel bad if changes are made to one of your contributions to make things consistent with the format and organization of the rest of the site. The formatting for this site is very straightforward, so to learn, you can click the edit tab on any page, and make an edit to see how things turn out.
  6. Please cite as many references and primary sources as possible for the information that you're adding.
  7. Always click the "show preview" button before you finalize your edits with "save page." Saving your preliminary work in a text editor outside of your web browser is a good safety measure to take if you're making a large edit.
  8. This is a community! There are many ways to communicate with other members of the site, such as through pages' discussion tabs, E-mail this user through this site, social media, or traditional email. Suggestions or comments about the site are welcome at contact@hemonc.org.

Formatting text on pages

You can format your text by using wiki markup. This consists of normal characters like asterisks, single quotes or equal signs which have a special function in the wiki, sometimes depending on their position. For example, to format a word in italic, you include it in two pairs of single quotes like ''this''.

Text formatting markup

Description You type You get
character (inline) formatting – applies anywhere
Italic text
''italic''

italic

Bold text
'''bold'''

bold

Bold and italic
'''''bold & italic'''''

bold & italic

Strike text
<strike> strike text </strike>
strike text
Escape wiki markup
<nowiki>no ''markup''</nowiki>

no ''markup''

Escape wiki markup once
[[Drug index]]<nowiki/>extension

Drug indexextension

section formatting – only at the beginning of the line
Headings of different levels

== Level 2 ==

=== Level 3 ===

==== Level 4 ====

===== Level 5 =====

====== Level 6 ======


Level 2

Level 3

Level 4

Level 5
Level 6
Horizontal rule
Text above
----
Text below

Text above


Text below

Bullet list
* Start each line
* with an [[Wikipedia:asterisk|asterisk]] (*).
** More asterisks gives deeper
*** and deeper levels.
* Line breaks<br />don't break levels.
*** But jumping levels creates empty space.
Any other start ends the list.
  • Start each line
  • with an asterisk (*).
    • More asterisks gives deeper
      • and deeper levels.
  • Line breaks
    don't break levels.
      • But jumping levels creates empty space.

Any other start ends the list.

Numbered list
# Start each line
# with a [[Wikipedia:Number_sign|number sign]] (#).
## More number signs gives deeper
### and deeper
### levels.
# Line breaks<br />don't break levels.
### But jumping levels creates empty space.
# Blank lines

# end the list and start another.
Any other start also
ends the list.
  1. Start each line
  2. with a number sign (#).
    1. More number signs gives deeper
      1. and deeper
      2. levels.
  3. Line breaks
    don't break levels.
      1. But jumping levels creates empty space.
  4. Blank lines
  1. end the list and start another.

Any other start also ends the list.

Definition list
;item 1
: definition 1
;item 2
: definition 2-1
: definition 2-2
item 1
definition 1
item 2
definition 2-1
definition 2-2
Indent text
: Single indent
:: Double indent
::::: Multiple indent

(This workaround may be controversial from the viewpoint of accessibility.)

Single indent
Double indent
Multiple indent
Mixture of different types of list
# one
# two
#* two point one
#* two point two
# three
#; three item one
#: three def one
# four
#: four def one
#: this looks like a continuation
#: and is often used
#: instead<br />of <nowiki><br /></nowiki>
# five
## five sub 1
### five sub 1 sub 1
## five sub 2

(The usage of #: and *: for breaking a line within an item may also be controversial.)

  1. one
  2. two
    • two point one
    • two point two
  3. three
    three item one
    three def one
  4. four
    four def one
    this looks like a continuation
    and is often used
    instead
    of <br />
  5. five
    1. five sub 1
      1. five sub 1 sub 1
    2. five sub 2
Preformatted text
 Start each line with a space.
 Text is '''preformatted''' and
 ''markups'' '''''can''''' be done.

(This way of preformatting only applies to section formatting. Character formatting markups are still effective.)

Start each line with a space.
Text is preformatted and
markups can be done.
Preformatted text blocks
 <nowiki>Start with a space in the first column,
(before the <nowiki>).

Then your block format will be
    maintained.
 
This is good for copying in code blocks:

def function():
    """documentation string"""

    if True:
        print True
    else:
        print False</nowiki>
Start with a space in the first column,
(before the <nowiki>).

Then your block format will be
    maintained.

This is good for copying in code blocks:

def function():
    """documentation string"""

    if True:
        print True
    else:
        print False

Paragraphs

MediaWiki ignores single line breaks. To start a new paragraph, leave an empty line. You can force a line break within a paragraph with the HTML tag <br />.

HTML tags

Some HTML tags are allowed in MediaWiki, for example <code>, <div>, <span> and <font>. These apply anywhere you insert them.

Description You type You get
Inserted
(Displays as underline in most browsers.)
<ins>Inserted</ins>

or

<u>Underline</u>

Inserted

or

Underline

Deleted
(Displays as strikethrough in most browsers.)
<s>Struck out</s>

or

<del>Deleted</del>

Struck out

or

Deleted

Fixed width text
<code>Source code</code>

or

<tt>Fixed width text</tt>

Source code

or

Fixed width text

Blockquotes
text above
text above
<blockquote>blockquote</blockquote>
text below
text below

text above text above

blockquote

text below text below

Comment
<!-- This is a comment -->
Comments are only visible
in the edit window.

Comments are only visible in the edit window.

Completely preformatted text
<pre> Text is '''preformatted''' and
''markups'' '''''cannot''''' be done</pre>

(For marking up of preformatted text, check the "Preformatted text" entry at the bottom of the previous table.)

 Text is '''preformatted''' and
''markups'' '''''cannot''''' be done
Customized preformatted text
<pre style="color:red">
Text is '''preformatted'''
with a style and
''markups'' '''''cannot''''' be done
</pre>

(A CSS style can be named within the style property.)

Text is '''preformatted'''
with a style and
''markups'' '''''cannot''''' be done
Customized preformatted text with text wrap according to screen width
<pre style="white-space: pre-wrap; 
white-space: -moz-pre-wrap;
white-space: -pre-wrap;
white-space: -o-pre-wrap; 
word-wrap: break-word">
This longer sentence is used to demonstrate text wrapping. This additional sentence is for those with >1920-pixel wide monitors.
</pre>
This longer sentence is used to demonstrate text wrapping. This additional sentence is for those with >1920-pixel wide monitors.
Preformatted text with text wrap according to screen width
<code>
This longer sentence is used to demonstrate text wrapping. This additional sentence is for those with >1920-pixel wide monitors.
</code>

This longer sentence is used to demonstrate text wrapping. This additional sentence is for those with >1920-pixel wide monitors.

Inserting symbols

Symbols and other special characters not available on your keyboard can be inserted through a special sequence of characters. Those sequences are called HTML entities. For example, the following sequence (entity) &rarr; when inserted will be shown as right arrow HTML symbol → and &mdash; when inserted will be shown as an em dash HTML symbol —


(Hover any character to find out the symbol that produces it. Some symbols not available in the current font will appear as empty squares.)

HTML symbol entities
Á á Â â ´ Æ æ À à Α α & Å å Ã ã Ä ä Β β ¦ Ç ç ¸ ¢
Χ χ ˆ © ¤ ° Δ δ ÷ É é Ê ê È è Ε ε Η η
Ð ð Ë ë ƒ ½ ¼ ¾ Γ γ > Í í Î î ¡ Ì ì Ι ι
¿ Ï ï Κ κ Λ λ « < ¯ µ · Μ μ  
¬ Ñ ñ Ν ν Ó ó Ô ô Œ œ Ò ò Ω ω Ο ο ª º Ø ø Õ õ Ö
ö Φ φ Π π ϖ ± £ Ψ ψ " » ® Ρ ρ
Š š § ­ Σ σ ς ¹ ² ³ ß Τ τ Θ θ ϑ Þ þ ˜
× Ú ú Û û Ù ù ¨ ϒ Υ υ Ü ü Ξ ξ Ý ý ¥ ÿ Ÿ Ζ ζ
Description You type You get
Copyright symbol
&copy;
©
Greek delta letter symbol
&delta;
δ
Euro currency symbol
&euro;

See the list of all HTML entities on the Wikipedia article List of HTML entities. Additionally, MediaWiki supports two non-standard entity reference sequences: &רלמ; and &رلم; which are both considered equivalent to &rlm; which is a right-to-left mark. (Used when combining right to left languages with left to right languages in the same page.)

HTML tags and symbol entities displayed themselves (with and without interpreting them)

&amp;euro;  → &euro;
<span style="color: red; text-decoration: line-through;">Typo to be corrected</span>  → Typo to be corrected
&lt;span style="color: red; text-decoration: line-through;">Typo to be corrected&lt;/span>  → <span style="color: red; text-decoration: line-through;">Typo to be corrected</span>

Nowiki for HTML

<nowiki /> can prohibit (HTML) tags:

  • <<nowiki />pre>  → <pre>

But not & symbol escapes:

  • &<nowiki />amp;  → &

Formatting for tables

Tables may be authored in wiki pages using either XHTML table elements directly, or using wikicode formatting to define the table. XHTML table elements and their use are well described on various web pages and will not be discussed here. The benefit of wikicode is that the table is constructed of character symbols which tend to make it easier to perceive the table structure in the article editing view compared to XHTML table elements.

As a general rule, it is best to avoid using a table unless you need one. Table markup often complicates page editing.

Wiki table markup summary

{| table start
|+ table caption, optional; only between table start and first table row
|- table row, optional on first row -- wiki engine assumes the first row
! table header cell, optional. Consecutive table header cells may be added on same line separated by double marks (!!) or start on new lines, each with its own single mark (!).
| table data cell, required! Consecutive table data cells may be added on same line separated by double marks (||) or start on new lines, each with its own single mark (|).
|} table end
  • The above marks must start on a new line except the double || and !! for optionally adding consecutive cells to a line. However, blank spaces at the beginning of a line are ignored.
  • XHTML attributes. Each mark, except table end, optionally accepts one or more XHTML attributes. Attributes must be on the same line as the mark. Separate attributes from each other with a single space.
    • Cells and caption (| or ||, ! or !!, and |+) hold content. So separate any attributes from content with a single pipe (|). Cell content may follow on same line or on following lines.
    • Table and row marks ({| and |-) do not directly hold content. Do not add pipe (|) after their optional attributes. If you erroneously add a pipe after attributes for the table mark or row mark the parser will delete it and your final attribute if it was touching the erroneous pipe!
  • Content may (a) follow its cell mark on the same line after any optional XHTML attributes or (b) on lines below the cell mark. Content that uses wiki markup that itself needs to start on a new line, such as lists, headings, or nested tables, must be on its own new line.
    • Pipe character as content. To insert a pipe (|) character into a table use the <nowiki>|</nowiki> escaping markup

Basics

The following table lacks borders and good spacing but shows the simplest wiki markup table structure.

You type You get
{|
|Orange
|Apple
|-
|Bread
|Pie
|-
|Butter
|Ice cream 
|}
Orange Apple
Bread Pie
Butter Ice cream

The cells in the same row can be listed on one line separated by || (two pipe symbols). If the text in the cell contains a line break, use <br/> instead.

You type You get
{|
|Orange||Apple||more
|-
|Bread||Pie||more
|-
|Butter||Ice<br/>cream||and<br/>more
|}
Orange Apple more
Bread Pie more
Butter Ice
cream
and
more

Extra spaces within cells in the wiki markup, as in the wiki markup below, do not affect the actual table rendering.

You type You get
{|
|  Orange    ||   Apple   ||   more
|-
|   Bread    ||   Pie     ||   more
|-
|   Butter   || Ice cream ||  and more
|}
Orange Apple more
Bread Pie more
Butter Ice cream and more

You can have longer text or more complex wiki syntax inside table cells, too:

You type You get
{|
|Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, 
consetetur sadipscing elitr, 
sed diam nonumy eirmod tempor invidunt
ut labore et dolore magna aliquyam erat, 
sed diam voluptua. 

At vero eos et accusam et justo duo dolores
et ea rebum. Stet clita kasd gubergren,
no sea takimata sanctus est Lorem ipsum
dolor sit amet. 
|
* Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet
* consetetur sadipscing elitr
* sed diam nonumy eirmod tempor invidunt
|}
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet,

consetetur sadipscing elitr, sed diam nonumy eirmod tempor invidunt ut labore et dolore magna aliquyam erat, sed diam voluptua.

At vero eos et accusam et justo duo dolores et ea rebum. Stet clita kasd gubergren, no sea takimata sanctus est Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet.

  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet
  • consetetur sadipscing elitr
  • sed diam nonumy eirmod tempor invidunt

Table headers

Table headers can be created by using "!" (exclamation mark) instead of "|" (pipe symbol). Headers usually show up bold and centered by default.

You type You get
{|
! align="left"| Item
! Amount
! Cost
|-
|Orange
|10
|7.00
|-
|Bread
|4
|3.00
|-
|Butter
|1
|5.00
|-
!Total
|
|15.00
|}
Item Amount Cost
Orange 10 7.00
Bread 4 3.00
Butter 1 5.00
Total 15.00

Note: When using attributes as in the heading 'Item' a vertical bar '|' is used for separation. Not an exclamation character '!'.

Caption

A table caption can be added to the top of any table as follows.

You type You get
{|
|+Food complements
|-
|Orange
|Apple
|-
|Bread
|Pie
|-
|Butter
|Ice cream 
|}
Food complements
Orange Apple
Bread Pie
Butter Ice cream

class="wikitable"

Basic styling (light gray background, borders, padding and align left) can be achieved by adding class="wikitable".

You type You get
{| class="wikitable"
|+Food complements
|-
|Orange
|Apple
|-
|Bread
|Pie
|-
|Butter
|Ice cream 
|}
Food complements
Orange Apple
Bread Pie
Butter Ice cream

XHTML attributes

You can add XHTML attributes to tables. For the authoritative source on these, see the W3C's HTML 4.01 Specification page on tables.

Attributes on tables

Placing attributes after the table start tag ({|) applies attributes to the entire table.

You type You get
{| class="wikitable"
   style="text-align: center; color: green;"
|Orange
|Apple
|12,333.00
|-
|Bread
|Pie
|500.00
|-
|Butter
|Ice cream
|1.00
|}
Orange Apple 12,333.00
Bread Pie 500.00
Butter Ice cream 1.00

Attributes on cells

You can put attributes on individual cells. For example, numbers may look better aligned right.

You type You get
{| class="wikitable"
| Orange
| Apple
| align="right"| 12,333.00
|-
| Bread
| Pie
| align="right"| 500.00
|-
| Butter
| Ice cream
| align="right"| 1.00
|}
Orange Apple 12,333.00
Bread Pie 500.00
Butter Ice cream 1.00

You can also use cell attributes when you are listing multiple cells on a single line. Note that the cells are separated by ||, and within each cell the attribute(s) and value are separated by |.

You type You get
{| class="wikitable"
| Orange || Apple     || align="right" | 12,333.00
|-
| Bread  || Pie       || align="right" | 500.00
|-
| Butter || Ice cream || align="right" | 1.00
|}
Orange Apple 12,333.00
Bread Pie 500.00
Butter Ice cream 1.00

Attributes on rows

You can put attributes on individual rows, too.

You type You get
{| class="wikitable"
| Orange
| Apple
| align="right"| 12,333.00
|-
| Bread
| Pie
| align="right"| 500.00
|- style="font-style: italic; color: green;"
| Butter
| Ice cream
| align="right"| 1.00
|}
Orange Apple 12,333.00
Bread Pie 500.00
Butter Ice cream 1.00

Simple one-pixel table border

The default table formatting uses the "border-collapse: separate" model, which adds table cell spacing (which also separates the table outer border from its content cells). Even with a zero cellspacing, the borders of consecutive cells (and of the overall table container) will add up, so to get a one-pixel separation between cells, you need to selectively remove one or more of the four borders of cells.

Such tables may be formatted more simply, using the "border-collapse: collapse" CSS property; in this table formatting model, the cellspacing attribute (or the CSS "border-spacing:" property) and the table's "padding:" CSS property is ignored and only the larger border of adjacent inner cells (or the table border for outer cells) will be used.

An example of the above for one-pixel table border, using each model (without need for external extensions):

You type You get
{| style="border-collapse: separate; 
          border-spacing: 0; 
          border: 1px solid #000; 
          padding: 0"
|-
| style="border-style: solid; border-width: 0 1px 1px 0"| 
Orange
| style="border-style: solid; border-width: 0 0 1px 0"| 
Apple
|-
| style="border-style: solid; border-width: 0 1px 0 0"| 
Bread
| style="border-style: solid; border-width: 0"| 
Pie
|}
Orange Apple
Bread Pie
{| style="border-collapse: collapse; border: 1px solid #000"
|-
| style="border-style: solid; border-width: 1px"| 
Orange
| style="border-style: solid; border-width: 1px"| 
Apple
|-
| style="border-style: solid; border-width: 1px"| 
Bread
| style="border-style: solid; border-width: 1px"| 
Pie
|}
Orange Apple
Bread Pie

Notes :

  • When using the "border-width:" CSS shortcut property, the order of the four space-separated specified values is: top, right, bottom, left. As an example from above:
"border-width: 0 1px 0 0"
When there are fewer than 4 values, the value for left takes its default from the value for right, the value for bottom takes its default from the value for top, and the value for right takes its default from the value for top.
  • The HTML attributes (such as "width=", "border=", "cellspacing=", "cellpadding=") do not need any length unit (the pixel unit is assumed). The CSS style properties (which override the HTML attributes) require an explicit length unit (if the value is not 0) such as "px" for the pixel.

HTML colspan and rowspan

You can use HTML colspan and rowspan attributes on cells for advanced layout.

You type You get
{| class="wikitable"
!colspan="6"|Shopping List
|-
|rowspan="2"|Bread & Butter
|Pie
|Buns
|Danish
|colspan="2"|Croissant
|-
|Cheese
|colspan="2"|Ice cream
|Butter
|Yogurt
|}
Shopping List
Bread & Butter Pie Buns Danish Croissant
Cheese Ice cream Butter Yogurt

With HTML attributes and CSS styles

CSS style attributes can be added with or without other HTML attributes.

You type You get
{| class="wikitable" 
style="color:green; background-color:#ffffcc;" 
cellpadding="10"
|Orange
|Apple
|-
|Bread
|Pie
|-
|Butter
|Ice cream 
|}
Orange Apple
Bread Pie
Butter Ice cream

Attributes

Attributes can be added to the caption and headers as follows.

You type You get
{| class="wikitable"
|+ align="bottom" style="color:#e76700;"|
''Food complements''
|-
|Orange
|Apple
|-
|Bread
|Pie
|-
|Butter
|Ice cream 
|}
Food complements
Orange Apple
Bread Pie
Butter Ice cream

Column width

Column width can be added as follows.

You type:

{| style="color: black; background-color: #ffffcc;" width="85%"
| colspan="2" | This column width is 85% of the screen width (and has a background color)
|-
| style="width: 30%; background-color: white;"|
'''This column is 30% counted from 85% of the screen width'''
| style="width: 70%; background-color: orange;"|
'''This column is 70% counted from 85% of the screen width (and has a background color)'''
|}

You get:

This column width is 85% of the screen width (and has a background color)
This column is 30% counted from 85% of the screen width This column is 70% counted from 85% of the screen width (and has a background color)

Accessibility of table header cells

Table header cells do not explicitly specify which table data cells they apply to (those on their right on the same row, or those below them on the same column). When the table is rendered in a visual 2D environment, this is usually easy to infer.

However when tables are rendered on non-visual media, you can help the browser to determine which table header cell applies to the description of any selected cell (in order to repeat its content in some accessibility helper) using a scope="row" or scope="col" attribute on table header cells. In most cases with simple tables, you'll use scope="col" on all header cells of the first row, and scope="row" on the first cell of the following rows:

You type You get
{| class="wikitable"
|-
! scope="col"| Item
! scope="col"| Quantity
! scope="col"| Price
|-
! scope="row"| Bread
| 0.3 kg
| $0.65
|-
! scope="row"| Butter
| 0.125 kg
| $1.25
|-
! scope="row" colspan="2"| Total
| $1.90
|}
Item Quantity Price
Bread 0.3 kg $0.65
Butter 0.125 kg $1.25
Total $1.90

Caveats

Negative numbers

If you start a cell on a new line with a negative number with a minus sign (or a parameter that evaluates to a negative number), your table can get broken, because the characters |- will be parsed as the wiki markup for table row, not table cell. To avoid this, insert a space before the value (| -6) or use in-line cell markup (|| -6).

CSS vs attributes

Table borders specified through CSS rather than the border attribute will render incorrectly in a small subset of text browsers.

Common attributes for columns, column groups and row groups

The MediaWiki syntax for tables currently offers no support for specifying common attributes for columns (with the HTML element <col />), column groups (HTML element <colgroup>...</colgroup>) and row groups (HTML elements <thead>...</thead>, <tbody>...</tbody><code> and <code><tfoot>...</tfoot>). Those standard HTML elements are not accepted even in their HTML or XHTML syntax.

All the rows and cells (header or data) of the table are rendered within a single implicit row group (HTML element <tbody>...</tbody>) without any attributes or styles.


Making links and other information

To create a link to an outside webpage, put the information within single brackets like so: [http://www.dryang.org/index.php Peter Yang's Cleanup Tool]. This will appear as: Peter Yang's Cleanup Tool.

To create a link to a page within the wiki, put the name of the page within double brackets like so: [[Main Page]]. This will appear as Main Page. If you want to link to a page, but have the link have text that isn't the page's exact name, you can do it like so: [[Main_Page | HemOnc.org's Main Page]]. Note that a bar, |, is put between the page name and the name of the link. This will appear as: HemOnc.org's Main Page. The name of any page on HemOnc.org is whatever text is after http://hemonc.org/wiki/; e.g. the name of the page at http://hemonc.org/wiki/Acute_myeloid_leukemia is Acute_myeloid_leukemia. The link will also work if spaces are used instead of underscores: [[Acute myeloid leukemia]] will appear like so: Acute myeloid leukemia.

How to cite a source:

  1. Place this information where you want the numeric citation to appear:
    <ref>Put the link [http://webaddress.org "text for the link"] inside the ref tags</ref>
  2. Make sure to put <references/> in the reference area at the bottom of the page.

Extra links to outside formatting information

Formatting

Formatting for lists

Formatting for tables

Table of contents info

class="wikitable sortable" border="1" style="text-align:center;"

Categories - use for regimens, perhaps for chemotherapies, drug classes

User rights

Manual of style (Wikipedia)

Sample column formatting

  • Column 1 information
  • Column 2 information

References

  1. Mediawiki Help:Formatting
  2. Mediawiki Help:Tables