Docetaxel (Taxotere)

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General information

Class/mechanism: Taxane; disrupts normal microtubular function. Binds to free tubulin, promotes their assembly into stable microtubules, and inhibits their disassembly, which inhibits mitosis.[1][2]
Route: IV
Extravasation: irritant, rare vesicant

For conciseness and simplicity, HemOnc.org currently will focus on treatment regimens and not list information such as: renal/hepatic dose adjustments, metabolism (including CYP450), excretion, monitoring parameters (although this will be considered for checklists), or manufacturer. Instead, for the most current information, please refer to your preferred pharmacopeias such as Micromedex, Lexicomp, UpToDate (courtesy of Lexicomp), or the prescribing information.[1]

Diseases for which it is used

Patient drug information

History of changes in FDA indication

Breast cancer

  • 5/14/1996: Initial FDA approval for treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer who have progressed during anthracycline-based therapy or have relapsed during anthracycline-based adjuvant therapy.
  • 6/22/1998: Indication revised for the treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer after failure of prior chemotherapy. (no longer limited to prior anthracycline-based chemotherapy exposure)
  • 8/18/2004: Breast cancer indication expanded: in combination with doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide is indicated for the adjuvant treatment of patients with operable node-positive breast cancer. (no longer limited to the relapsed or metastatic setting)

Gastric cancer

  • 3/22/2006: Label expanded as follows: in combination with cisplatin and fluorouracil is indicated for the treatment of patients with advanced gastric adenocarcinoma, including adenocarcinoma of the gastroesophageal junction, who have not received prior chemotherapy for advanced disease. (New disease entity)

Head and neck cancer

Non-small cell lung cancer

  • 12/23/1999: Label expanded to include treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic non-small cell lung cancer after failure of prior platinum-based chemotherapy. (New disease entity)
  • 11/27/2002: Label expanded: In combination with cisplatin is indicated for the treatment of patients with unresectable, locally advanced or metastatic non-small cell lung cancer who have not previously received chemotherapy for this condition. (no longer limited to prior chemotherapy exposure)

Prostate cancer

  • 5/19/2004: Label expanded as follows: in combination with prednisone is indicated for the treatment of patients with androgen independent (hormone refractory) metastatic prostate cancer. (New disease entity)

History of changes in EMA indication

Breast cancer

  • Taxotere in combination with doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide is indicated for the adjuvant treatment of patients with operable node-positive breast cancer.
  • Taxotere in combination with doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide is indicated for the adjuvant treatment of patients with operable node-negative breast cancer.
    • For patients with operable node-negative breast cancer, adjuvant treatment should be restricted to patients eligible to receive chemotherapy according to internationally established criteria for primary therapy of early breast cancer.
  • Taxotere in combination with doxorubicin is indicated for the treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer who have not previously received cytotoxic therapy for this condition.
  • Taxotere monotherapy is indicated for the treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer after failure of cytotoxic therapy. Previous chemotherapy should have included an anthracycline or an alkylating agent.
  • Taxotere in combination with trastuzumab is indicated for the treatment of patients with metastatic breast cancer whose tumours overexpress HER2 and who previously have not received chemotherapy for metastatic disease.
  • Taxotere in combination with capecitabine is indicated for the treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer after failure of cytotoxic chemotherapy. Previous therapy should have included an anthracycline.

Gastric adenocarcinoma

  • Taxotere in combination with cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil is indicated for the treatment of patients with metastatic gastric adenocarcinoma, including adenocarcinoma of the gastroesophageal junction, who have not received prior chemotherapy for metastatic disease.

Head and neck cancer

  • Taxotere in combination with cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil is indicated for the induction treatment of patients with locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck.

Non-small cell lung cancer

  • Taxotere is indicated for the treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer after failure of prior chemotherapy.
  • Taxotere in combination with cisplatin is indicated for the treatment of patients with unresectable, locally advanced or metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer, in patients who have not previously received chemotherapy for this condition.

Prostate cancer

  • Taxotere in combination with prednisone or prednisolone is indicated for the treatment of patients with hormone refractory metastatic prostate cancer.

Also known as

  • Code names: NSC 628503, RP 56976
  • Brand names: Asodocel, Daxotel, Docefrez, Docegem, Doceglob, Docemax, Docenat, Docepar, Docetax, Docetec, Docetere, DoceXan, Docshil, Dolectran, Doxel, Doxetal, Hentaxel, Neocel, Oncodocel, Plustaxano, Sibatere, Taceedo, Taxe-RTU, Taxewell, Taxotere, Texot, Trixotene, Uvtere

References