Transformed lymphoma

From HemOnc.org - A Hematology Oncology Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search

Use of this site is subject to you reading and agreeing with the terms set forth in the disclaimer. If this is your first time visiting, we suggest you read the tutorial.

Is there a regimen missing from this list? Would you like to share a different dosage/schedule or an additional reference for a regimen? Have you noticed an error? Do you have an idea that will help the site grow to better meet your needs and the needs of many others? You are invited to contribute to the site.

8 regimens on this page
8 variants on this page


Transformed lymphoma, often referred to as Richter's transformation, most commonly arises from a preceding indolent lymphoma - usually follicular lymphoma or chronic lymphocytic leukemia. It is typically treated as per the histologic subtype, which is usually DLBCL. However, some regimens specific to transformed lymphoma have been developed and are included here.

All lines of therapy

Bendamustine monotherapy

back to top

Regimen

Study Evidence
Friedberg et al. 2008 Phase II, <20 pts in this subgroup

Chemotherapy

Note: these infusion instructions are for the Treanda formulation, which was discontinued on 3/31/2016.

  • Bendamustine 120 mg/m2 IV over 60 to 120 minutes once per day on days 1 & 2

21-day cycle for up to 12 cycles

References

  1. Friedberg JW, Cohen P, Chen L, Robinson KS, Forero-Torres A, La Casce AS, Fayad LE, Bessudo A, Camacho ES, Williams ME, van der Jagt RH, Oliver JW, Cheson BD. Bendamustine in patients with rituximab-refractory indolent and transformed non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: results from a phase II multicenter, single-agent study. J Clin Oncol. 2008 Jan 10;26(2):204-10. Erratum in: J Clin Oncol. 2008 Apr 10;26(11) 1911. link to original article contains verified protocol PubMed

Lenalidomide monotherapy

back to top

Regimen

Study Evidence
Witzig et al. 2011 (NHL-003 Phase II

Chemotherapy

28-day cycles until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity

References

  1. Witzig TE, Vose JM, Zinzani PL, Reeder CB, Buckstein R, Polikoff JA, Bouabdallah R, Haioun C, Tilly H, Guo P, Pietronigro D, Ervin-Haynes AL, Czuczman MS. An international phase II trial of single-agent lenalidomide for relapsed or refractory aggressive B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Ann Oncol. 2011 Jul;22(7):1622-7. Epub 2011 Jan 12. link to original article contains verified protocol PubMed

Lenalidomide & Rituximab

back to top

Regimen

Study Evidence
Wang et al. 2013 Phase II, <20 pts in this subgroup

Chemotherapy

28-day cycles

References

  1. Wang M, Fowler N, Wagner-Bartak N, Feng L, Romaguera J, Neelapu SS, Hagemeister F, Fanale M, Oki Y, Pro B, Shah J, Thomas S, Younes A, Hosing C, Zhang L, Newberry KJ, Desai M, Cheng N, Badillo M, Bejarano M, Chen Y, Young KH, Champlin R, Kwak L, Fayad L. Oral lenalidomide with rituximab in relapsed or refractory diffuse large cell, follicular and transformed lymphoma: a phase II clinical trial. Leukemia. 2013 Sep;27(9):1902-9. Epub 2013 Apr 2. link to original article contains verified protocol PubMed

OFAR

back to top

OFAR: Oxaliplatin, Fludarabine, Ara-C (Cytarabine), Rituximab

Regimen

Study Evidence
Tsimberidou et al. 2008 Phase II

Chemotherapy

Supportive medications

28-day cycle for up to 6 cycles

References

  1. Tsimberidou AM, Wierda WG, Plunkett W, Kurzrock R, O'Brien S, Wen S, Ferrajoli A, Ravandi-Kashani F, Garcia-Manero G, Estrov Z, Kipps TJ, Brown JR, Fiorentino A, Lerner S, Kantarjian HM, Keating MJ. Phase I-II study of oxaliplatin, fludarabine, cytarabine, and rituximab combination therapy in patients with Richter's syndrome or fludarabine-refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia. J Clin Oncol. 2008 Jan 10;26(2):196-203. link to original article contains protocol PubMed

Pembrolizumab monotherapy

back to top

Regimen

Study Evidence ORR
Ding et al. 2017 Phase II, <20 pts in this subgroup 44%

Immunotherapy

21-day cycle for up to 2 years

References

  1. Ding W, LaPlant BR, Call TG, Parikh SA, Leis JF, He R, Shanafelt TD, Sinha S, Le-Rademacher J, Feldman AL, Habermann TM, Witzig TE, Wiseman GA, Lin Y, Asmus E, Nowakowski GS, Conte MJ, Bowen DA, Aitken CN, Van Dyke DL, Greipp PT, Liu X, Wu X, Zhang H, Secreto CR, Tian S, Braggio E, Wellik LE, Micallef I, Viswanatha DS, Yan H, Chanan-Khan AA, Kay NE, Dong H, Ansell SM. Pembrolizumab in patients with CLL and Richter transformation or with relapsed CLL. Blood. 2017 Jun 29;129(26):3419-3427. Epub 2017 Apr 19. link to original article contains verified protocol link to PMC article PubMed

R-DHAP

back to top

R-DHAP: Rituximab, Dexamethasone, High-dose Ara-C (Cytarabine), Platinol (Cisplatin)

Regimen

Study Evidence Comparator Efficacy
Crump et al. 2014 (NCIC-CTG LY.12) Phase III R-GDP Not reported

Chemotherapy

21-day cycle for up to 3 cycles

References

  1. Crump M, Kuruvilla J, Couban S, MacDonald DA, Kukreti V, Kouroukis CT, Rubinger M, Buckstein R, Imrie KR, Federico M, Di Renzo N, Howson-Jan K, Baetz T, Kaizer L, Voralia M, Olney HJ, Turner AR, Sussman J, Hay AE, Djurfeldt MS, Meyer RM, Chen BE, Shepherd LE. Randomized comparison of gemcitabine, dexamethasone, and cisplatin versus dexamethasone, cytarabine, and cisplatin chemotherapy before autologous stem-cell transplantation for relapsed and refractory aggressive lymphomas: NCIC-CTG LY.12. J Clin Oncol. 2014 Nov 1;32(31):3490-6. Epub 2014 Sep 29. link to original article contains verified protocol PubMed
    1. Subgroup Analysis: Kuruvilla J, MacDonald DA, Kouroukis CT, Cheung M, Olney HJ, Turner AR, Anglin P, Seftel M, Ismail WS, Luminari S, Couban S, Baetz T, Meyer RM, Hay AE, Shepherd L, Djurfeldt MS, Alamoudi S, Chen BE, Crump M. Salvage chemotherapy and autologous stem cell transplantation for transformed indolent lymphoma: a subset analysis of NCIC CTG LY12. Blood. 2015 Aug 6;126(6):733-8. Epub 2015 Jun 24. link to original article contains verified protocol PubMed

R-EPOCH

back to top

R-EPOCH: Rituximab, Etoposide, Prednisone, Oncovin (Vincristine), Cyclophosphamide, Hydroxydaunorubicin (Doxorubicin)

Regimen

Study Evidence
Jermann et al. 2004 Phase II, <20 pts in this subgroup

Note: this is not the dose-adjusted R-EPOCH regimen

Chemotherapy

21-day cycle for 4 to 6 cycles

References

  1. Jermann M, Jost LM, Taverna Ch, Jacky E, Honegger HP, Betticher DC, Egli F, Kroner T, Stahel RA. Rituximab-EPOCH, an effective salvage therapy for relapsed, refractory or transformed B-cell lymphomas: results of a phase II study. Ann Oncol. 2004 Mar;15(3):511-6. link to original article contains verified protocol PubMed

R-GDP

back to top

R-GDP: Rituximab, Gemcitabine, Dexamethasone, Platinol (Cisplatin)

Regimen

Study Evidence Comparator Efficacy
Crump et al. 2014 (NCIC-CTG LY.12) Phase III R-DHAP Not reported

Chemotherapy

21-day cycle for up to 3 cycles

Responders proceeded to undergo autologous stem cell transplant.

References

  1. Crump M, Kuruvilla J, Couban S, MacDonald DA, Kukreti V, Kouroukis CT, Rubinger M, Buckstein R, Imrie KR, Federico M, Di Renzo N, Howson-Jan K, Baetz T, Kaizer L, Voralia M, Olney HJ, Turner AR, Sussman J, Hay AE, Djurfeldt MS, Meyer RM, Chen BE, Shepherd LE. Randomized Comparison of Gemcitabine, Dexamethasone, and Cisplatin Versus Dexamethasone, Cytarabine, and Cisplatin Chemotherapy Before Autologous Stem-Cell Transplantation for Relapsed and Refractory Aggressive Lymphomas: NCIC-CTG LY.12. J Clin Oncol. 2014 Nov 1;32(31):3490-6. Epub 2014 Sep 29. link to original article contains verified protocol PubMed
    1. Subgroup Analysis: Kuruvilla J, MacDonald DA, Kouroukis CT, Cheung M, Olney HJ, Turner AR, Anglin P, Seftel M, Ismail WS, Luminari S, Couban S, Baetz T, Meyer RM, Hay AE, Shepherd L, Djurfeldt MS, Alamoudi S, Chen BE, Crump M. Salvage chemotherapy and autologous stem cell transplantation for transformed indolent lymphoma: a subset analysis of NCIC CTG LY12. Blood. 2015 Aug 6;126(6):733-8. Epub 2015 Jun 24. link to original article contains verified protocol PubMed