Class/mechanism: Platinum analog, alkylating-like, which produces interstrand and intrastrand DNA crosslinks that inhibit DNA replication and transcription, causing non-cell cycle specific cytotoxicity and death.
Extravasation: irritant (usually), vesicant (rare)
For conciseness and simplicity, HemOnc.org currently will focus on treatment regimens and not list information such as: renal/hepatic dose adjustments, metabolism (including CYP450), excretion, monitoring parameters (although this will be considered for checklists), or manufacturer. Instead, for the most current information, please refer to your preferred pharmacopeias such as Micromedex, Lexicomp, UpToDate (courtesy of Lexicomp), or the prescribing information.
Diseases for which it is established (work in progress)
Diseases for which it is used
- Chronic lymphocytic leukemia
- Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma
- Esophageal cancer
- Extranodal NK- and T-cell lymphoma, nasal type
- Gallbladder cancer
- Gastric cancer
- Mantle cell lymphoma
- Marginal zone lymphoma
- Nasopharyngeal carcinoma
- Pancreatic cancer
- Small intestine cancer
- Testicular cancer
- Transformed lymphoma
Patient drug information
- Oxaliplatin (Eloxatin) package insert PDF pages 15-16
- Oxaliplatin (Eloxatin) patient drug information (Chemocare)
- Oxaliplatin (Eloxatin) patient drug information (UpToDate)
History of changes in FDA indication
- 2004-11-04: New indication: used in combination with infusional 5-FU/ LV, is indicated for adjuvant treatment of stage III colon cancer patients who have undergone complete resection of the primary tumor. (Based on MOSAIC)
- 2002-08-09: Initial accelerated approval in combination with infusional 5-FU/ LV, is indicated for the treatment of patients with metastatic carcinoma of the colon or rectum whose disease has recurred or progressed during or within 6 months of completion of first line therapy with the combination of bolus 5-FU/ LV and irinotecan. (Based on BRCC-00036)
History of changes in EMA indication
- 1996-04-12: EURD
History of changes in PMDA indication
- 2005-03-18: Initial approval for colonic and rectal cancers.
- 2009-08-20: New additional indication for post-operative adjuvant chemotherapy for colon cancer.
- 2009-09-18: New additional indication for combination therapy with other anticancer drugs (XELOX + BV regimen) for advanced or recurrent colorectal cancer not suited for curative resection.
- 2013-12-20: New additional indication and a new dosage for the treatment of unresectable pancreatic cancer.
- 2015-03-20: New additional indication and a new dosage for the treatment of unresectable advanced or recurrent gastric cancer.
- 2015-11-20: Revised indication for the treatment of gastric cancer.
- 2018-09-21: New indication and a new dosage for the treatment of small intestine cancer.
Also known as
- Code names: JM-83, RP-54780, SR-96669
- Brand names: Coxatin, Curaplat, Cure-X, Dacotin, Dacplat, Eloplat, Eloxatin, Eloxatine, Elplat, Oplatin, OxaLitin, Oxiplat, Oxitan, Oxzucia, Sibatin, Xaloplat, Xylotin, X-Plat, Zildox