Anaplastic large cell lymphoma

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Bhagirathbhai Dholaria, MBBS
Vanderbilt University
Nashville, TN
9 regimens on this page
12 variants on this page


Note: these studies were specific to ALCL or had ALCL subgroups; regimens used in PTCL, NOS are also often used in this condition.

Guidelines

ESMO

Untreated

APO

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APO: Adriamycin (Doxorubicin), Prednisone, Oncovin (Vincristine)

Regimen

Study Evidence
Alexander et al. 2014 (ANHL0131) Non-randomized portion of RCT

Chemotherapy

Subsequent treatment

  • APO versus APV maintenance

References

  1. ANHL0131: Alexander S, Kraveka JM, Weitzman S, Lowe E, Smith L, Lynch JC, Chang M, Kinney MC, Perkins SL, Laver J, Gross TG, Weinstein H. Advanced stage anaplastic large cell lymphoma in children and adolescents: results of ANHL0131, a randomized phase III trial of APO versus a modified regimen with vinblastine: a report from the children's oncology group. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2014 Dec;61(12):2236-42. Epub 2014 Aug 23. link to original article link to PMC article PubMed

BV-CHP

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BV-CHP: Brentuximab Vedotin, Cyclophosphamide, Hydroxydaunorubicin (Doxorubicin), Prednisone

Regimen

FDA-recommended dose
Study Evidence Comparator Comparative Efficacy
Horwitz et al. 2018 (ECHELON-2) Phase III (E-RT-switch-ooc) CHOP Seems to have superior OS

Chemotherapy

21-day cycle for 6 to 8 cycles

References

  1. ECHELON-2: Horwitz S, O'Connor OA, Pro B, Illidge T, Fanale M, Advani R, Bartlett NL, Christensen JH, Morschhauser F, Domingo-Domenech E, Rossi G, Kim WS, Feldman T, Lennard A, Belada D, Illés Á, Tobinai K, Tsukasaki K, Yeh SP, Shustov A, Hüttmann A, Savage KJ, Yuen S, Iyer S, Zinzani PL, Hua Z, Little M, Rao S, Woolery J, Manley T, Trümper L; ECHELON-2 Study Group. Brentuximab vedotin with chemotherapy for CD30-positive peripheral T-cell lymphoma (ECHELON-2): a global, double-blind, randomised, phase 3 trial. Lancet. 2019 Jan 19;393(10168):229-240. Epub 2018 Dec 4. Erratum in: Lancet. 2019 Jan 19;393(10168):228. link to original article contains protocol PubMed

CHOEP-14

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CHOEP-14: Cyclophosphamide, Hydroxydaunorubicin (Doxorubicin), Oncovin (Vincristine), Etoposide, Prednisone every 14 days
CHOPE
VACOP

Example orders

Regimen

Study Evidence Comparator Comparative Efficacy Comparative Toxicity
Pfreundschuh et al. 2004 (NHL-B1) Phase III, <20 pts in this subgroup (E-esc) 1. CHOEP-21
2. CHOP-21
3. CHOP-14
Not reported by subgroup Not reported by subgroup

This regimen was used in 16 ALCL patients in the NHL-B1 trial. The authors did not report a subgroup analysis for this minority population.

Chemotherapy

Supportive medications

  • Filgrastim (Neupogen) as follows:
    • Patients less than 75 kg: 300 mcg SC once per day on days 4 to 13
    • Patients at least 75 kg: 480 mcg SC once per day on days 4 to 13

14-day cycle for 6 cycles, next cycle to start as long as WBC count is greater than 2.5 x 109/L and platelets greater than 80 x 109/L

Subsequent treatment

  • Patients with initial bulky disease (mass conglomerate at least 7.5 cm) received 36 Gy radiation therapy and to extranodal sites of disease when possible

References

  1. NHL-B1: Pfreundschuh M, Trümper L, Kloess M, Schmits R, Feller AC, Rudolph C, Reiser M, Hossfeld DK, Metzner B, Hasenclever D, Schmitz N, Glass B, Rübe C, Loeffler M; German High-Grade Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Study Group. Two-weekly or 3-weekly CHOP chemotherapy with or without etoposide for the treatment of young patients with good-prognosis (normal LDH) aggressive lymphomas: results of the NHL-B1 trial of the DSHNHL. Blood. 2004 Aug 1;104(3):626-33. Epub 2004 Feb 24. link to original article contains verified protocol PubMed

CHOEP-21

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CHOEP-21: Cyclophosphamide, Hydroxydaunorubicin (Doxorubicin), Oncovin (Vincristine), Etoposide, Prednisone every 21 days
CHOPE
VACOP

Example orders

Regimen

Study Evidence Comparator Comparative Efficacy Comparative Toxicity
Pfreundschuh et al. 2004 (NHL-B1) Phase III (E-esc) 1. CHOEP-14
2. CHOP-21
3. CHOP-14
Not reported by subgroup Not reported by subgroup

This regimen was used in 20 ALCL patients in the NHL-B1 trial. The authors did not report a subgroup analysis for this minority population.

Chemotherapy

Supportive medications

21-day cycle for 6 cycles, next cycle to start as long as WBC count is greater than 2.5 x 109/L and platelets greater than 80 x 109/L

Subsequent treatment

  • Patients with initial bulky disease (mass conglomerate at least 7.5 cm) received 36 Gy radiation therapy and to extranodal sites of disease when possible

References

  1. NHL-B1: Pfreundschuh M, Trümper L, Kloess M, Schmits R, Feller AC, Rudolph C, Reiser M, Hossfeld DK, Metzner B, Hasenclever D, Schmitz N, Glass B, Rübe C, Loeffler M; German High-Grade Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Study Group. Two-weekly or 3-weekly CHOP chemotherapy with or without etoposide for the treatment of young patients with good-prognosis (normal LDH) aggressive lymphomas: results of the NHL-B1 trial of the DSHNHL. Blood. 2004 Aug 1;104(3):626-33. Epub 2004 Feb 24. link to original article contains verified protocol PubMed

CHOP

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CHOP: Cyclophosphamide, Hydroxydaunorubicin (Doxorubicin), Oncovin (Vincristine), Prednisone
CHOP-21
ACOP
CAVP
COPA
VACP
VCAP

Variant #1, capped vincristine

Study Evidence Comparator Comparative Efficacy
Horwitz et al. 2018 (ECHELON-2) Phase III (C) BV-CHP Seems to have inferior OS

Chemotherapy

21-day cycle for 6 to 8 cycles

Variant #2, flat-dose vincristine

Study Evidence Comparator Comparative Efficacy Comparative Toxicity
Pfreundschuh et al. 2004 (NHL-B1) Phase III, <20 pts in arm (C) 1. CHOEP
2. CHOP-14
Not reported by subgroup Not reported by subgroup

This regimen was used in 14 ALCL patients in NHL-B1. The authors did not report a subgroup analysis for this minority population.

Chemotherapy

Supportive medications

  • At the discretion of ordering physician: Filgrastim (Neupogen) 300 mcg (for patients less than 75 kg) or 480 mcg (for patients at least 75 kg) SC once per day on days 4 to 13

21-day cycle for 6 cycles

References

  1. NHL-B1: Pfreundschuh M, Trümper L, Kloess M, Schmits R, Feller AC, Rudolph C, Reiser M, Hossfeld DK, Metzner B, Hasenclever D, Schmitz N, Glass B, Rübe C, Loeffler M; German High-Grade Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Study Group. Two-weekly or 3-weekly CHOP chemotherapy with or without etoposide for the treatment of young patients with good-prognosis (normal LDH) aggressive lymphomas: results of the NHL-B1 trial of the DSHNHL. Blood. 2004 Aug 1;104(3):626-33. Epub 2004 Feb 24. link to original article contains verified protocol PubMed
  2. ECHELON-2: Horwitz S, O'Connor OA, Pro B, Illidge T, Fanale M, Advani R, Bartlett NL, Christensen JH, Morschhauser F, Domingo-Domenech E, Rossi G, Kim WS, Feldman T, Lennard A, Belada D, Illés Á, Tobinai K, Tsukasaki K, Yeh SP, Shustov A, Hüttmann A, Savage KJ, Yuen S, Iyer S, Zinzani PL, Hua Z, Little M, Rao S, Woolery J, Manley T, Trümper L; ECHELON-2 Study Group. Brentuximab vedotin with chemotherapy for CD30-positive peripheral T-cell lymphoma (ECHELON-2): a global, double-blind, randomised, phase 3 trial. Lancet. 2019 Jan 19;393(10168):229-240. Epub 2018 Dec 4. Erratum in: Lancet. 2019 Jan 19;393(10168):228. link to original article contains protocol PubMed

DA-EPOCH

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DA-EPOCH: Dose Adjusted Etoposide, Prednisone, Oncovin (Vincristine), Cyclophosphamide, Hydroxydaunorubicin (Doxorubicin)

Regimen

Study Evidence
Dunleavy et al. 2016 (NCI 93-C-0133ALCL) Phase II

Note: this should be considered a substudy under the master protocol NCI 93-C-0133.

Chemotherapy

Supportive medications

  • Filgrastim (Neupogen) 300 mcg SC once per day, starting on day 6 and continuing until ANC greater than 5000/uL past nadir
  • Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim DS) 160/800 mg (or equivalent if allergic) PO once per day on 3 days per week
    • Note: It's assumed this is what the supplement for Dunleavy et al. 2013 meant by "Baxtrim (sulphametoxazole and trimethoprim)"
  • Omeprazole (Prilosec) 20 mg (or equivalent) PO once per day
  • Docusate (Colace) (dose not specified) and Sennosides (Senna) 2 tablets PO twice per day as needed for constipation
  • Lactulose 20 g PO every 6 hours as needed for constipation
  • Hepatitis B surface antigen positive patients received daily antiviral therapy until 8 weeks after completion of chemotherapy

21-day cycle for 6 to 8 cycles

Dose adjustments

  • Start cycle 1 as described above.
  • Obtain CBCs twice per week for nadir measurements.
  • If nadir ANC greater than 500/uL, increase etoposide, doxorubicin, and cyclophosphamide by one level (20%) compared to previous cycle.
  • If nadir ANC less than 500/uL, use same doses as last cycle.
  • If nadir platelet count less than 25 x 109/L, decrease etoposide, doxorubicin, and cyclophosphamide by 20% compared to the previous cycle.

References

  1. NCI 93-C-0133: Dunleavy K, Pittaluga S, Shovlin M, Roschewski M, Lai C, Steinberg SM, Jaffe ES, Wilson WH. Phase II trial of dose-adjusted EPOCH in untreated systemic anaplastic large cell lymphoma. Haematologica. 2016 Jan;101(1):e27-9. link to original article refers to protocol in Dunleavy et al. 2013 link to PMC article PubMed

Relapsed or refractory, salvage therapy

Brentuximab vedotin monotherapy

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Variant #1, 16 cycles

Study Evidence
Pro et al. 2012 (SG035-0004) Phase II (RT)

Chemotherapy

21-day cycle for up to 16 infusions

Variant #2, bridge to transplant

Study Evidence
Gibb et al. 2012 Named Patient Programme

Chemotherapy

21-day cycles until transplant

Variant #3, indefinite

Study Evidence
Gopal et al. 2012 (SGN35-006) Phase II, <20 pts in subgroup

Note: SGN35-006 is a re-treatment trial; all patients were previously exposed to brentuximab vedotin. Patients who had received the 1.2 mg/kg dose on a prior trial also received that dose at re-treatment.

Chemotherapy

21-day cycles

References

  1. SGN35-006: Gopal AK, Ramchandren R, O'Connor OA, Berryman RB, Advani RH, Chen R, Smith SE, Cooper M, Rothe A, Matous JV, Grove LE, Zain J. Safety and efficacy of brentuximab vedotin for Hodgkin lymphoma recurring after allogeneic stem cell transplantation. Blood. 2012 Jul 19;120(3):560-8. Epub 2012 Apr 17. link to original article contains verified protocol link to PMC article PubMed
    1. Update: Bartlett NL, Chen R, Fanale MA, Brice P, Gopal A, Smith SE, Advani R, Matous JV, Ramchandren R, Rosenblatt JD, Huebner D, Levine P, Grove L, Forero-Torres A. Retreatment with brentuximab vedotin in patients with CD30-positive hematologic malignancies. J Hematol Oncol. 2014 Mar 19;7:24. link to original article contains verified protocol link to PMC article PubMed
  2. SG035-0004: Pro B, Advani R, Brice P, Bartlett NL, Rosenblatt JD, Illidge T, Matous J, Ramchandren R, Fanale M, Connors JM, Yang Y, Sievers EL, Kennedy DA, Shustov A. Brentuximab vedotin (SGN-35) in patients with relapsed or refractory systemic anaplastic large-cell lymphoma: results of a phase II study. J Clin Oncol. 2012 Jun 20;30(18):2190-6. Epub 2012 May 21. link to original article contains verified protocol PubMed
    1. Update: Pro B, Advani R, Brice P, Bartlett NL, Rosenblatt JD, Illidge T, Matous J, Ramchandren R, Fanale M, Connors JM, Fenton K, Huebner D, Pinelli JM, Kennedy DA, Shustov A. Five-year results of brentuximab vedotin in patients with relapsed or refractory systemic anaplastic large cell lymphoma. Blood. 2017 Dec 21;130(25):2709-2717. Epub 2017 Oct 3. link to original article PubMed
  3. Gibb A, Jones C, Bloor A, Kulkarni S, Illidge T, Linton K, Radford J. Brentuximab vedotin in refractory CD30+ lymphomas: a bridge to allogeneic transplantation in approximately one quarter of patients treated on a Named Patient Programme at a single UK center. Haematologica. 2013 Apr;98(4):611-4. Epub 2012 Oct 12. link to original article contains verified protocol link to PMC article PubMed
  4. Retrospective: Gopal AK, Bartlett NL, Forero-Torres A, Younes A, Chen R, Friedberg JW, Matous JV, Shustov AR, Smith SE, Zain J, O'Meara MM, Fanale MA. Brentuximab vedotin in patients aged 60 years or older with relapsed or refractory CD30-positive lymphomas: a retrospective evaluation of safety and efficacy. Leuk Lymphoma. 2014 Oct;55(10):2328-34. Epub 2014 Feb 24. link to original article PubMed

DHAP

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DHAP: Dexamethasone, High-dose Ara-C (cytarabine), Platinol (cisplatin)

Regimen

Study Evidence Comparator Comparative Efficacy
Crump et al. 2014 (NCIC-CTG LY.12) Phase III, <20 in this arm (C) GDP Non-inferior ORR

Chemotherapy

21-day cycle for up to 3 cycles

References

  1. NCIC-CTG LY.12: Crump M, Kuruvilla J, Couban S, MacDonald DA, Kukreti V, Kouroukis CT, Rubinger M, Buckstein R, Imrie KR, Federico M, Di Renzo N, Howson-Jan K, Baetz T, Kaizer L, Voralia M, Olney HJ, Turner AR, Sussman J, Hay AE, Djurfeldt MS, Meyer RM, Chen BE, Shepherd LE. Randomized comparison of gemcitabine, dexamethasone, and cisplatin versus dexamethasone, cytarabine, and cisplatin chemotherapy before autologous stem-cell transplantation for relapsed and refractory aggressive lymphomas: NCIC-CTG LY.12. J Clin Oncol. 2014 Nov 1;32(31):3490-6. Epub 2014 Sep 29. link to original article contains verified protocol PubMed

GDP

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GDP: Gemcitabine, Dexamethasone, Platinol (Cisplatin)

Regimen

Study Evidence Comparator Comparative Efficacy
Crump et al. 2014 (NCIC-CTG LY.12) Phase III, <20 pts in this arm (E-switch-ic) DHAP Non-inferior ORR

Chemotherapy

21-day cycle for up to 3 cycles

References

  1. NCIC-CTG LY.12: Crump M, Kuruvilla J, Couban S, MacDonald DA, Kukreti V, Kouroukis CT, Rubinger M, Buckstein R, Imrie KR, Federico M, Di Renzo N, Howson-Jan K, Baetz T, Kaizer L, Voralia M, Olney HJ, Turner AR, Sussman J, Hay AE, Djurfeldt MS, Meyer RM, Chen BE, Shepherd LE. Randomized comparison of gemcitabine, dexamethasone, and cisplatin versus dexamethasone, cytarabine, and cisplatin chemotherapy before autologous stem-cell transplantation for relapsed and refractory aggressive lymphomas: NCIC-CTG LY.12. J Clin Oncol. 2014 Nov 1;32(31):3490-6. Epub 2014 Sep 29. link to original article contains verified protocol PubMed

Consolidation after salvage therapy

FluBuCy, then allo HSCT

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FluBuCy: Fludarabine, Busulfan, Cyclophosphamide

Regimen

Study Evidence
Glass et al. 2014 (DSHNHL R3) Phase II

Chemotherapy

Immunosuppressive therapy

GVHD prophylaxis


Immunotherapy

Stem cells transfused on day 0

References

  1. DSHNHL R3: Glass B, Hasenkamp J, Wulf G, Dreger P, Pfreundschuh M, Gramatzki M, Silling G, Wilhelm C, Zeis M, Görlitz A, Pfeiffer S, Hilgers R, Truemper L, Schmitz N; German High-Grade Lymphoma Study Group. Rituximab after lymphoma-directed conditioning and allogeneic stem-cell transplantation for relapsed and refractory aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma (DSHNHL R3): an open-label, randomised, phase 2 trial. Lancet Oncol. 2014 Jun;15(7):757-66. Epub 2014 May 11. link to original article link to original protocol (in German) contains verified protocol PubMed