Brentuximab vedotin (Adcetris)

From - A Hematology Oncology Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search

General information

Class/mechanism: Anti-CD30 antibody (brentuximab) with protease-cleavable linker to chemotherapeutic agent (monomethyl auristatin E [MMAE, vedotin]). The antibody-drug complex binds to CD30 expressing cells and is internalized, where the active chemotherapeutic agent MMAE is released via proteolytic cleavage of the antibody-drug linker. MMAE is a microtubule disrupting agent that interferes with mitosis, causes cell cycle arrest, and eventual apoptosis.[1][2][3]
Route: IV
Extravasation: no information

For conciseness and simplicity, currently will focus on treatment regimens and not list information such as: renal/hepatic dose adjustments, metabolism (including CYP450), excretion, monitoring parameters (although this will be considered for checklists), or manufacturer. Instead, for the most current information, please refer to your preferred pharmacopeias such as Micromedex, Lexicomp, Medscape,UpToDate (courtesy of Lexicomp), or the prescribing information.[1]

Diseases for which it is used

Patient drug information

History of changes in FDA indication

Anaplastic large cell lymphoma

Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma

Hodgkin lymphoma

  • 8/19/2011: Granted accelerated approval for treatment of patients with Hodgkin lymphoma after failure of autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT) or after failure of at least two prior multi-agent chemotherapy regimens in patients who are not ASCT candidates. (Based on SG035-0003)
  • 8/17/2015: Approval expanded for the post-autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (auto-HSCT) consolidation treatment of patients with classical Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) at high risk of relapse or progression. (new treatment context added; based on AETHERA)
  • 3/20/2018: Approved to treat adult patients with previously untreated stage III or IV classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) in combination with chemotherapy. (New treatment context; based on ECHELON-1)

Peripheral T-cell lymphoma

  • 11/16/2018: Approved in combination with chemotherapy for previously untreated CD30-expressing peripheral T-cell lymphomas (PTCL), including angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma and PTCL not otherwise specified. (New disease indication; based on ECHELON-2)

Also known as

  • Code names: SGN-35, cAC10-vcMMAE
  • Brand name: Adcetris