Medulloblastoma

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Nikki M. Wood, DO
University of Missouri
Kansas City, MO

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4 regimens on this page
4 variants on this page


ACNS0331 Reduced Dose CSRT/Reduced Volume Boost to Tumor Bed

  • Ages 3-7 Randomized
  • All patients must begin therapy within 31 days of surgery.

Chemoradiotherapy

XRT

Chemotherapy

  • Vincristine (Oncovin) 1.5 mg/m2 (maximum dose of 2 mg) IV push over 1 minute or IV infusion (per institution) once on day 8, 15, 22, 29, 36, and 43 (Once a week starting one week after CSRT begins).
    • Round vincristine down to the nearest 0.1 mg.

7-week course

References

  1. COG ACNS0331: Michalski JM, Janss AJ, Vezina LG, Smith KS, Billups CA, Burger PC, Embry LM, Cullen PL, Hardy PC, Pomeroy SL, Bass JK, Perkins SM, Merchant TE, Colte PD, Fitzgerald TJ, JBooth TN, Cherlow JM, Muraszko KM, Hadley J, Kumar R, Han Y, Tarbell NJ, Fouladi M, Pollack IF, Packer RJ, Li Y, Gajjar A, Northcott PA. Children's Oncology Group Phase III Trial of Reduced-Dose and Reduced-Volume Radiotherapy with Chemotherapy for Newly Diagnosed Average Risk Medulloblastoma. Journal of Clinical Oncology 39, no. 24 (August 20, 2021) 2685-2697. link to original article NCT00085735

Maintenance Regimen A

Cycles 1, 2, 4, 5, 7, 8

Chemotherapy

  • Cisplatin (Platinol) 75 mg/m2 IV once on day 1
  • Lomustine (CCNU) 75 mg/m2 PO once on day 1 on an empty stomach (at least 2 hours after food) preferably at bedtime (reduce N/V).
  • Vincristine (Oncovin) 1.5 mg/m2 (maximum dose of 2 mg) IV once per day on days 1, 8, and 15.
    • Dose rounded down to the nearest 0.1 mg.
    • Can be given IV push over 1-minute or by infusion via minibag as per institution policy.

6-week cycle

References

  1. COG ACNS0331: Michalski JM, Janss AJ, Vezina LG, Smith KS, Billups CA, Burger PC, Embry LM, Cullen PL, Hardy PC, Pomeroy SL, Bass JK, Perkins SM, Merchant TE, Colte PD, Fitzgerald TJ, JBooth TN, Cherlow JM, Muraszko KM, Hadley J, Kumar R, Han Y, Tarbell NJ, Fouladi M, Pollack IF, Packer RJ, Li Y, Gajjar A, Northcott PA. Children's Oncology Group Phase III Trial of Reduced-Dose and Reduced-Volume Radiotherapy with Chemotherapy for Newly Diagnosed Average Risk Medulloblastoma. Journal of Clinical Oncology 39, no. 24 (August 20, 2021) 2685-2697. link to original article NCT00085735

Maintenance Regimen B

Cycles 3, 6, and 9

Chemotherapy

6-week course

References

  1. COG ACNS0331: Michalski JM, Janss AJ, Vezina LG, Smith KS, Billups CA, Burger PC, Embry LM, Cullen PL, Hardy PC, Pomeroy SL, Bass JK, Perkins SM, Merchant TE, Colte PD, Fitzgerald TJ, JBooth TN, Cherlow JM, Muraszko KM, Hadley J, Kumar R, Han Y, Tarbell NJ, Fouladi M, Pollack IF, Packer RJ, Li Y, Gajjar A, Northcott PA. Children's Oncology Group Phase III Trial of Reduced-Dose and Reduced-Volume Radiotherapy with Chemotherapy for Newly Diagnosed Average Risk Medulloblastoma. Journal of Clinical Oncology 39, no. 24 (August 20, 2021) 2685-2697. link to original article NCT00085735

ACNS0331 Reduced Dose CSRT/Standard Volume Boost

  • Ages 3-7
  • All patients must begin therapy within 31 days of surgery.

Chemoradiotherapy

XRT

Chemotherapy

  • Vincristine (Oncovin) 1.5 mg/m2 (maximum dose of 2 mg) IV push over 1 minute or IV infusion (per institution) once on day 8, 15, 22, 29, 36, and 43 (Once a week starting one week after CSRT begins).
    • Round vincristine down to the nearest 0.1 mg.

7-week course

References

  1. COG ACNS0331: Michalski JM, Janss AJ, Vezina LG, Smith KS, Billups CA, Burger PC, Embry LM, Cullen PL, Hardy PC, Pomeroy SL, Bass JK, Perkins SM, Merchant TE, Colte PD, Fitzgerald TJ, JBooth TN, Cherlow JM, Muraszko KM, Hadley J, Kumar R, Han Y, Tarbell NJ, Fouladi M, Pollack IF, Packer RJ, Li Y, Gajjar A, Northcott PA. Children's Oncology Group Phase III Trial of Reduced-Dose and Reduced-Volume Radiotherapy with Chemotherapy for Newly Diagnosed Average Risk Medulloblastoma. Journal of Clinical Oncology 39, no. 24 (August 20, 2021) 2685-2697. link to original article NCT00085735

Maintenance Regimen A

Cycles 1, 2, 4, 5, 7, 8

Chemotherapy

  • Cisplatin (Platinol) 75 mg/m2 IV once on day 1
  • Lomustine (CCNU) 75 mg/m2 PO once on day 1 on an empty stomach (at least 2 hours after food) preferably at bedtime (reduce N/V).
  • Vincristine (Oncovin) 1.5 mg/m2 (maximum dose of 2 mg) IV once per day on days 1, 8, and 15.
    • Dose rounded down to the nearest 0.1 mg.
    • Can be given IV push over 1-minute or by infusion via minibag as per institution policy.

6-week cycle

References

  1. COG ACNS0331: Michalski JM, Janss AJ, Vezina LG, Smith KS, Billups CA, Burger PC, Embry LM, Cullen PL, Hardy PC, Pomeroy SL, Bass JK, Perkins SM, Merchant TE, Colte PD, Fitzgerald TJ, JBooth TN, Cherlow JM, Muraszko KM, Hadley J, Kumar R, Han Y, Tarbell NJ, Fouladi M, Pollack IF, Packer RJ, Li Y, Gajjar A, Northcott PA. Children's Oncology Group Phase III Trial of Reduced-Dose and Reduced-Volume Radiotherapy with Chemotherapy for Newly Diagnosed Average Risk Medulloblastoma. Journal of Clinical Oncology 39, no. 24 (August 20, 2021) 2685-2697. link to original article NCT00085735


Maintenance Regimen B

Cycles 3, 6, and 9

Chemotherapy

6-week course

References

  1. COG ACNS0331: Michalski JM, Janss AJ, Vezina LG, Smith KS, Billups CA, Burger PC, Embry LM, Cullen PL, Hardy PC, Pomeroy SL, Bass JK, Perkins SM, Merchant TE, Colte PD, Fitzgerald TJ, JBooth TN, Cherlow JM, Muraszko KM, Hadley J, Kumar R, Han Y, Tarbell NJ, Fouladi M, Pollack IF, Packer RJ, Li Y, Gajjar A, Northcott PA. Children's Oncology Group Phase III Trial of Reduced-Dose and Reduced-Volume Radiotherapy with Chemotherapy for Newly Diagnosed Average Risk Medulloblastoma. Journal of Clinical Oncology 39, no. 24 (August 20, 2021) 2685-2697. link to original article NCT00085735

ACNS0331 Standard Dose CSRT/Reduced Volume Boost to Tumor Bed

  • Ages 3+
  • All patients must begin therapy within 31 days of surgery.

Chemoradiotherapy

XRT

Chemotherapy

  • Vincristine (Oncovin) 1.5 mg/m2 (maximum dose of 2 mg) IV push over 1 minute or IV infusion (per institution) once on day 8, 15, 22, 29, 36, and 43 (Once a week starting one week after CSRT begins).
    • Round vincristine down to the nearest 0.1 mg.

7-week course

References

  1. COG ACNS0331: Michalski JM, Janss AJ, Vezina LG, Smith KS, Billups CA, Burger PC, Embry LM, Cullen PL, Hardy PC, Pomeroy SL, Bass JK, Perkins SM, Merchant TE, Colte PD, Fitzgerald TJ, JBooth TN, Cherlow JM, Muraszko KM, Hadley J, Kumar R, Han Y, Tarbell NJ, Fouladi M, Pollack IF, Packer RJ, Li Y, Gajjar A, Northcott PA. Children's Oncology Group Phase III Trial of Reduced-Dose and Reduced-Volume Radiotherapy with Chemotherapy for Newly Diagnosed Average Risk Medulloblastoma. Journal of Clinical Oncology 39, no. 24 (August 20, 2021) 2685-2697. link to original article NCT00085735

Maintenance Regimen A

Cycles 1, 2, 4, 5, 7, 8

Chemotherapy

  • Cisplatin (Platinol) 75 mg/m2 IV once on day 1
  • Lomustine (CCNU) 75 mg/m2 PO once on day 1 on an empty stomach (at least 2 hours after food) preferably at bedtime (reduce N/V).
  • Vincristine (Oncovin) 1.5 mg/m2 (maximum dose of 2 mg) IV once per day on days 1, 8, and 15.
    • Dose rounded down to the nearest 0.1 mg.
    • Can be given IV push over 1-minute or by infusion via minibag as per institution policy.

6-week cycle

References

  1. COG ACNS0331: Michalski JM, Janss AJ, Vezina LG, Smith KS, Billups CA, Burger PC, Embry LM, Cullen PL, Hardy PC, Pomeroy SL, Bass JK, Perkins SM, Merchant TE, Colte PD, Fitzgerald TJ, JBooth TN, Cherlow JM, Muraszko KM, Hadley J, Kumar R, Han Y, Tarbell NJ, Fouladi M, Pollack IF, Packer RJ, Li Y, Gajjar A, Northcott PA. Children's Oncology Group Phase III Trial of Reduced-Dose and Reduced-Volume Radiotherapy with Chemotherapy for Newly Diagnosed Average Risk Medulloblastoma. Journal of Clinical Oncology 39, no. 24 (August 20, 2021) 2685-2697. link to original article NCT00085735


Maintenance Regimen B

Cycles 3, 6, and 9

Chemotherapy

6-week course

References

  1. COG ACNS0331: Michalski JM, Janss AJ, Vezina LG, Smith KS, Billups CA, Burger PC, Embry LM, Cullen PL, Hardy PC, Pomeroy SL, Bass JK, Perkins SM, Merchant TE, Colte PD, Fitzgerald TJ, JBooth TN, Cherlow JM, Muraszko KM, Hadley J, Kumar R, Han Y, Tarbell NJ, Fouladi M, Pollack IF, Packer RJ, Li Y, Gajjar A, Northcott PA. Children's Oncology Group Phase III Trial of Reduced-Dose and Reduced-Volume Radiotherapy with Chemotherapy for Newly Diagnosed Average Risk Medulloblastoma. Journal of Clinical Oncology 39, no. 24 (August 20, 2021) 2685-2697. link to original article NCT00085735

ACNS0331 Standard Dose CSRT/Standard Volume Boost

  • Ages 3+
  • All patients must begin therapy within 31 days of surgery.

Chemoradiotherapy

XRT

Chemotherapy

  • Vincristine (Oncovin) 1.5 mg/m2 (maximum dose of 2 mg) IV push over 1 minute or IV infusion (per institution) once on day 8, 15, 22, 29, 36, and 43 (Once a week starting one week after CSRT begins).
    • Round vincristine down to the nearest 0.1 mg.

7-week course

References

  1. COG ACNS0331: Michalski JM, Janss AJ, Vezina LG, Smith KS, Billups CA, Burger PC, Embry LM, Cullen PL, Hardy PC, Pomeroy SL, Bass JK, Perkins SM, Merchant TE, Colte PD, Fitzgerald TJ, JBooth TN, Cherlow JM, Muraszko KM, Hadley J, Kumar R, Han Y, Tarbell NJ, Fouladi M, Pollack IF, Packer RJ, Li Y, Gajjar A, Northcott PA. Children's Oncology Group Phase III Trial of Reduced-Dose and Reduced-Volume Radiotherapy with Chemotherapy for Newly Diagnosed Average Risk Medulloblastoma. Journal of Clinical Oncology 39, no. 24 (August 20, 2021) 2685-2697. link to original article NCT00085735

Maintenance Regimen A

Cycles 1, 2, 4, 5, 7, 8

Chemotherapy

  • Cisplatin (Platinol) 75 mg/m2 IV once on day 1
  • Lomustine (CCNU) 75 mg/m2 PO once on day 1 on an empty stomach (at least 2 hours after food) preferably at bedtime (reduce N/V).
  • Vincristine (Oncovin) 1.5 mg/m2 (maximum dose of 2 mg) IV once per day on days 1, 8, and 15.
    • Dose rounded down to the nearest 0.1 mg.
    • Can be given IV push over 1-minute or by infusion via minibag as per institution policy.

6-week cycle

References

  1. COG ACNS0331: Michalski JM, Janss AJ, Vezina LG, Smith KS, Billups CA, Burger PC, Embry LM, Cullen PL, Hardy PC, Pomeroy SL, Bass JK, Perkins SM, Merchant TE, Colte PD, Fitzgerald TJ, JBooth TN, Cherlow JM, Muraszko KM, Hadley J, Kumar R, Han Y, Tarbell NJ, Fouladi M, Pollack IF, Packer RJ, Li Y, Gajjar A, Northcott PA. Children's Oncology Group Phase III Trial of Reduced-Dose and Reduced-Volume Radiotherapy with Chemotherapy for Newly Diagnosed Average Risk Medulloblastoma. Journal of Clinical Oncology 39, no. 24 (August 20, 2021) 2685-2697. link to original article NCT00085735


Maintenance Regimen B

Cycles 3, 6, and 9

Chemotherapy

6-week course

References

  1. COG ACNS0331: Michalski JM, Janss AJ, Vezina LG, Smith KS, Billups CA, Burger PC, Embry LM, Cullen PL, Hardy PC, Pomeroy SL, Bass JK, Perkins SM, Merchant TE, Colte PD, Fitzgerald TJ, JBooth TN, Cherlow JM, Muraszko KM, Hadley J, Kumar R, Han Y, Tarbell NJ, Fouladi M, Pollack IF, Packer RJ, Li Y, Gajjar A, Northcott PA. Children's Oncology Group Phase III Trial of Reduced-Dose and Reduced-Volume Radiotherapy with Chemotherapy for Newly Diagnosed Average Risk Medulloblastoma. Journal of Clinical Oncology 39, no. 24 (August 20, 2021) 2685-2697. link to original article NCT00085735

Adjuvant therapy

Carboplatin, Cyclophosphamide, Etoposide, Methotrexate, Vincristine

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Regimen

Study Evidence
Rutkowski et al. 2005 Non-randomized

Preceding treatment

Chemotherapy

References

  1. Rutkowski S, Bode U, Deinlein F, Ottensmeier H, Warmuth-Metz M, Soerensen N, Graf N, Emser A, Pietsch T, Wolff JE, Kortmann RD, Kuehl J. Treatment of early childhood medulloblastoma by postoperative chemotherapy alone. N Engl J Med. 2005 Mar 10;352(10):978-86. link to original article PubMed

Cisplatin, Lomustine, Vincristine

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Regimen

Study Years of enrollment Evidence Comparator Comparative Efficacy
Packer et al. 2006 (COG A9961) 1996-2000 Phase III (C) Cisplatin, Cyclophosphamide, Vincristine Did not meet primary endpoint of EFS

Note: neither the cycle length nor the exact dosing instructions for vincristine are clear from the manuscript.

Preceding treatment

Chemotherapy

8 cycles (see note)

References

  1. COG A9961: Packer RJ, Gajjar A, Vezina G, Rorke-Adams L, Burger PC, Robertson PL, Bayer L, LaFond D, Donahue BR, Marymont MH, Muraszko K, Langston J, Sposto R. Phase III study of craniospinal radiation therapy followed by adjuvant chemotherapy for newly diagnosed average-risk medulloblastoma. J Clin Oncol. 2006 Sep 1;24(25):4202-8. link to original article contains partially verified protocol PubMed NCT00002875

Cyclophosphamide & Vincristine/Cisplatin & Etoposide

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Protocol

Study Evidence
Duffner et al. 1993 Non-randomized

Total duration of treatment is 12 to 24 months.

Preceding treatment

Chemotherapy, part 1

28-day cycle for 2 cycles, alternating with part 2

Chemotherapy, part 2

28-day cycle for 1 cycle, alternating with part 1

References

  1. Duffner PK, Horowitz ME, Krischer JP, Friedman HS, Burger PC, Cohen ME, Sanford RA, Mulhern RK, James HE, Freeman CR, Seidel FG, Kun LE. Postoperative chemotherapy and delayed radiation in children less than three years of age with malignant brain tumors. N Engl J Med. 1993 Jun 17;328(24):1725-31. link to original article PubMed

VCP

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VCP: Vincristine, CCNU (Lomustine), Prednisone

Regimen

Study Years of enrollment Evidence Comparator Comparative Efficacy
Zeltzer et al. 1999 (CCG-921) 1986-1992 Phase III (C) 8-in-1 Superior PFS

Preceding treatment

Chemotherapy

6-week cycle for 8 cycles

References

  1. CCG-921: Zeltzer PM, Boyett JM, Finlay JL, Albright AL, Rorke LB, Milstein JM, Allen JC, Stevens KR, Stanley P, Li H, Wisoff JH, Geyer JR, McGuire-Cullen P, Stehbens JA, Shurin SB, Packer RJ. Metastasis stage, adjuvant treatment, and residual tumor are prognostic factors for medulloblastoma in children: conclusions from the Children's Cancer Group 921 randomized phase III study. J Clin Oncol. 1999 Mar;17(3):832-45. link to original article contains verified protocol PubMed