Uveal melanoma

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Matthew J. Rioth MD, MS
University of Colorado
Denver, CO
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Elizabeth Buchbinder, MD
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Boston, MA

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Note: this page is for regimens specific to uveal melanoma; see the main melanoma page for other regimens.

4 regimens on this page
4 variants on this page


Guidelines

NCCN

Metastatic or unresectable disease

Dacarbazine monotherapy

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Regimen

Study Evidence Comparator Comparative Efficacy
Carvajal et al. 2014 (MSK 10-053) Randomized Phase II (C) Selumetinib Might have inferior OS
Carvajal et al. 2018 (SUMIT) Phase III (C) Dacarbazine & Selumetinib Seems not superior

Chemotherapy

21-day cycles

References

  1. MSK 10-053: Carvajal RD, Sosman JA, Quevedo JF, Milhem MM, Joshua AM, Kudchadkar RR, Linette GP, Gajewski TF, Lutzky J, Lawson DH, Lao CD, Flynn PJ, Albertini MR, Sato T, Lewis K, Doyle A, Ancell K, Panageas KS, Bluth M, Hedvat C, Erinjeri J, Ambrosini G, Marr B, Abramson DH, Dickson MA, Wolchok JD, Chapman PB, Schwartz GK. Effect of selumetinib vs chemotherapy on progression-free survival in uveal melanoma: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA. 2014 Jun 18;311(23):2397-405. link to original article link to PMC article PubMed
  2. SUMIT: Carvajal RD, Piperno-Neumann S, Kapiteijn E, Chapman PB, Frank S, Joshua AM, Piulats JM, Wolter P, Cocquyt V, Chmielowski B, Evans TRJ, Gastaud L, Linette G, Berking C, Schachter J, Rodrigues MJ, Shoushtari AN, Clemett D, Ghiorghiu D, Mariani G, Spratt S, Lovick S, Barker P, Kilgour E, Lai Z, Schwartz GK, Nathan P. Selumetinib in combination with dacarbazine in patients with metastatic uveal melanoma: a phase III, multicenter, randomized trial (SUMIT). J Clin Oncol. 2018 Apr 20;36(12):1232-1239. Epub 2018 Mar 12. link to original article contains verified protocol PubMed

Fotemustine monotherapy

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Regimen

Study Evidence Comparator Comparative Efficacy
Leyvraz et al. 2014 (EORTC 18021) Phase III (C) IHA Fotemustine Seems not superior

Chemotherapy

  • Fotemustine (Muphoran) as follows:
    • Weeks 1 to 3: 100 mg/m2 IV once per day on days 1, 8, 15
    • Weeks 4 to 8: no treatment
    • Week 9 onwards: 100 mg/m2 IV once on day 1, every 3 weeks

8-week induction cycle, then 21-day cycles

References

  1. EORTC 18021: Leyvraz S, Piperno-Neumann S, Suciu S, Baurain JF, Zdzienicki M, Testori A, Marshall E, Scheulen M, Jouary T, Negrier S, Vermorken JB, Kaempgen E, Durando X, Schadendorf D, Gurunath RK, Keilholz U. Hepatic intra-arterial versus intravenous fotemustine in patients with liver metastases from uveal melanoma (EORTC 18021): a multicentric randomized trial. Ann Oncol. 2014 Mar;25(3):742-6. Epub 2014 Feb 7. link to original article link to PMC article contains protocol PubMed

TACE monotherapy

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TACE: Trans-Arterial Chemo-Embolization

Regimen

Study Evidence
Mavligit et al. 1988 Non-randomized

Chemotherapy

1 or more treatments

References

  1. Mavligit GM, Charnsangavej C, Carrasco CH, Patt YZ, Benjamin RS, Wallace S. Regression of ocular melanoma metastatic to the liver after hepatic arterial chemoembolization with cisplatin and polyvinyl sponge. JAMA. 1988 Aug 19;260(7):974-6. link to original article PubMed

Temozolomide monotherapy

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Regimen

Study Evidence Comparator Comparative Efficacy
Carvajal et al. 2014 (MSK 10-053) Randomized Phase II (C) Selumetinib Might have inferior OS

Chemotherapy

28-day cycles

References

  1. MSK 10-053: Carvajal RD, Sosman JA, Quevedo JF, Milhem MM, Joshua AM, Kudchadkar RR, Linette GP, Gajewski TF, Lutzky J, Lawson DH, Lao CD, Flynn PJ, Albertini MR, Sato T, Lewis K, Doyle A, Ancell K, Panageas KS, Bluth M, Hedvat C, Erinjeri J, Ambrosini G, Marr B, Abramson DH, Dickson MA, Wolchok JD, Chapman PB, Schwartz GK. Effect of selumetinib vs chemotherapy on progression-free survival in uveal melanoma: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA. 2014 Jun 18;311(23):2397-405. link to original article link to PMC article contains protocol PubMed

TILs

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TILs: Tumor Ifiltrating Lymphocytes

Regimen

Study Evidence
Chandran et al. 2017 (NCI 13-C-0093) Phase II

Preceding treatment

  • FC lymphodepletion

Immunotherapy

References

  1. NCI 13-C-0093: Chandran SS, Somerville RPT, Yang JC, Sherry RM, Klebanoff CA, Goff SL, Wunderlich JR, Danforth DN, Zlott D, Paria BC, Sabesan AC, Srivastava AK, Xi L, Pham TH, Raffeld M, White DE, Toomey MA, Rosenberg SA, Kammula US. Treatment of metastatic uveal melanoma with adoptive transfer of tumour-infiltrating lymphocytes: a single-centre, two-stage, single-arm, phase 2 study. Lancet Oncol. 2017 Jun;18(6):792-802. Epub 2017 Apr 7. link to original article link to PMC article PubMed