Example orders for CVD, IL-2, IFN alfa-2b - sequential biochemotherapy in melanoma
Remember that example order sets that may contain additional information about supportive medications, suggestions for monitoring, hydration, and pre-treatment screening information for chemotherapy regimens are purely anecdotal, provided only as examples of what some other providers may be using, and are typically not based on references in the primary literature.
CVD, IL-2, IFN alfa-2b - sequential biochemotherapy
CVD: Cisplatin, Vinblastine, Dacarbazine
Original references may be found at CVD, IL-2, IFN alfa-2b - sequential biochemotherapy
Example regimen #1
- Cisplatin (Platinol) 20 mg/m2 IV in 250 mL NS over 30 minutes on days 1 to 4, given first
- Vinblastine (Velban) 1.2 mg/m2 IV push on days 1 to 4, given second
- Give via IV push immediately after cisplatin.
- Dacarbazine (DTIC) 800 mg/m2 IV in 250 mL D5W over 1 hour on day 1, given third
- IL-2 - Aldesleukin (Proleukin) 9,000,000 units/m2/day IV continuous infusion over 96 hours, started on day 1 (total dose per cycle: 36,000,000 units/m2)
- Continuous Infusion. Infuse each dose over 24 hours. Total of 4 doses. Mix in 250 mL D5W with 0.1% albumin. Begin at 3PM on day 1. Hold dose if bicarbonate of <18 and call house officer.
- Interferon alfa-2b (Intron-A) 5,000,000 units/m2 SC once per day on days 1 to 5, 8, 10, 12; days 8, 10, 12 given as outpatient doses
- Give at start of Aldesleukin each day and at the completion of Aldesleukin on Day 5. To be given on days 8, 10, 12 as an outpatient.
21-day cycles x up to 4 cycles
- Pegfilgrastim (Neulasta) 6 mg SC once on day 6
- All antihypertensive therapy discontinued at least 24 hours before each cycle
- Naproxen 375 mg PO every 12 hours
- Acetaminophen 975 mg PO/PR Q6H, to begin prior to IL-2. Total acetaminophen dosage not to exceed 3900 mg/day
- Ranitidine (Zantac) 150 mg PO twice per day
- Cephalexin (Keflex) 500 mg PO twice per day on days 1 to 15
- Diphenhydramine (Benadryl) 25-50 mg IV or PO every 6 hours prn pruritis
- Prochlorperazine (Compazine) 10 mg IV or PO every 6 hours prn nausea
- Diphenoxylate-Atropine (Lomotil) 1 tab PO prn each loose stool, maximum of 8 tabs per day
- Lorazepam (Ativan) 1-2 mg IV or PO every 6 hours prn nausea, vomiting, anxiety, insomnnia
- Potassium chloride IV or PO sliding scale repletion; for K 3.8-3.6: 40 mEq; for K 3.5-3.3: 60 mEq; for K 3.2-3.0: 80 mEq; for K <3.0: contact NP/MD
- Calcium gluconate IV sliding scale repletion; for corrected Ca 7.5-7.1: 2 g IV; for corrected Ca <7: 3 g and contact NP/MD
- Magnesium sulfate IV sliding scale repletion; for Mg 1.6-2: 2 g IV; for Mg 1.2-1.5: 2-4 g IV; for Mg <1.2: 4 g IV and call NP/MD
- Potassium phosphate 15 mmol in 250 mL NS IV over 5 hours prn serum phosphate 1.5-2.3; if serum phosphate <1.5, call NP/MD
- Furosemide (Lasix) 20 mg IV prn urine output <100 ml/H for at least 3 hours before cisplatin is due. Call NP/MD before administering
- Meperidine (Demerol) 25-50 mg in 50 mL D5W IV over 15 minutes Q2H prn severe chills/rigors. May repeat x2; then call NP/MD
- Ondansetron (Zofran) 24 mg IV once per day; 30 minutes prior to cisplatin on days 1 to 4
- Ondansetron (Zofran) 24 mg IV once per day prn nausea/vomiting on days 5-7
- Dopamine 4 mcg/kg/min IV drip, titrate to keep SBP at least 80, prn hypotension refractory to fluid boluses. Cardiac monitor while on medication.
- Phenylephrine 1 mcg/kg/min IV drip, titrate to keep SBP at least 80, prn if target SBP not met while patient is on on maximum dopamine dose. Cardiac monitor while on medication.
- In case of anaphylaxis:
- Methylprednisolone (Solu-Medrol) 125 mg IV x1 prn anaphylaxis
- Diphenhydramine (Benadryl) 50 mg IV push prn anaphylaxis
- Famotidine (Pepcid) 20 mg IV over 15 minutes
- Epinephrine (EpiPen) 0.3 mg IM x1 prn anaphylaxis
- Standing IV fluids: 1 liter D5 1/2 NS with 20 mEq potassium chloride, continuous at 100 mL/H on days 1 to 4. Hold during cisplatin hydration (see below).
- For hypotension: 250 ml NS bolus over 15 minutes prn SBP <90, may repeat X1 (total 2 boluses). This order to be discontinued for weight gain >5% of baseline.
- Sodium bicarbonate-containing fluids to be used as follows:
- If serum bicarbonate is 18-19, change IV fluids to 1 liter D5 1/2 NS with 50 mEq sodium bicarbonate, continuous at 75 mL/H. Once bicarbonate is at least 20, resume standing IV fluids above.
- If serum bicarbonate is 16-17, administer 100 mL D5W with 100 mEq sodium bicarbonate over 1 hour and hold IL-2.
- If bicarbonate is <16, give 100 mEq sodium bicarbonate as above and contact NP/MD
- If urine output <500 mL in an 8-hour period, give 500 mL NS bolus over 30 minutes. If urine output <250 mL over next 4 hours, call NP/MD.
- If urine output <100 mL/H for at least 3 hours before cisplatin is due, give 1000 mL NS over 1 hr prior to proceeding with cisplatin. Call NP/MD prior to administration.
- If creatinine >1.6, give 500 mL NS bolus over 60 minutes. Recheck creatinine 4 hours later, and if still >1.6, hold that day's dose of chemotherapy & call NP/MD.
- As an inpatient, check daily CBC with differential, comprehensive metabolic panel including sodium, potassium, chloride, bicarbonate, BUN, creatinine, glucose, calcium, magnesium, phosphate, alkaline phosphatase, AST, ALT, total bilirubin; once every 2 day monitoring of PT/PTT
Clinical scenario & comments:
- 47 year-old gentleman with initially stage IIIC (T4b N1b M0) and now metastatic melanoma, s/p wide local excision, lymph node dissection, adjuvant interferon alfa-2B, with metastatic recurrence. At the time of treatment with this regimen, ipilimumab (which he later received) was not yet available outside of a clinical trial.