Class/mechanism: BRAF kinase inhibitor. Dabrafenib inhibits some mutated BRAF kinases, such as BRAF V600E, BRAF V600K, and BRAF V600D. Some BRAF mutations such as BRAF V600E cause constitutive activation of the BRAF pathway, which drives tumor cell growth.
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Diseases for which it is used
- BRAF-mutated colorectal cancer
- BRAF-mutated melanoma
- BRAF-mutated NSCLC
- BRAF-mutated anaplastic thyroid cancer
- BRAF-mutated tumors (disease-agnostic)
Patient drug information
- Dabrafenib (Tafinlar) package insert
- Dabrafenib (Tafinlar) patient drug information (Chemocare)
History of changes in FDA indication
- 5/29/2013: FDA approved for the treatment of patients with unresectable or metastatic melanoma with BRAF V600E mutation as detected by an FDA-approved test. (Based on BREAK-3 and BREAK-MB)
- 1/10/2014: Accelerated approval together with Trametinib (Mekinist) for the treatment of patients with unresectable or metastatic melanoma with BRAF V600E or V600K mutations as detected by an FDA-approved test. (Based on COMBI-d, COMBI-v, and COMBI-MB)
- 4/30/2018: Regular FDA approval with Trametinib (Mekinist) in combination for the adjuvant treatment of patients with melanoma with BRAF V600E or V600K mutations, as detected by an FDA-approved test, and involvement of lymph node(s), following complete resection. (Based on COMBI-AD)
- 6/22/2017: FDA approved in combination with Trametinib (Mekinist) for patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with BRAF V600E mutation as detected by an FDA-approved test. (Based on BRF113928)
- 5/4/2018: FDA approval with Trametinib (Mekinist) in combination for the treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) with BRAF V600E mutation and with no satisfactory locoregional treatment options. (Based on BRF117019)
History of changes in EMA indication
- 8/26/2013: Initial marketing authorization as Tafinlar.
Also known as
- Code names: GSK2118436, GSK-2118436A
- Generic name: dabrafenib mesylate
- Brand name: Rafinlar, Tafinlar