Thyroid cancer

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Note: most thyroid cancer regimens can be found on dedicated pages:

3 regimens on this page
3 variants on this page


Guidelines

ATA

  • 2015: Guidelines on the management of thyroid nodules and differentiated thyroid cancer PubMed
  • 2015: Guidelines for the management of medullary thyroid carcinoma PubMed
  • 2012: Guidelines for management of patients with anaplastic thyroid cancer PubMed

ESMO

Older

NCCN

Advanced or metastatic disease

Axitinib monotherapy

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Regimen

Study Evidence
Cohen et al. 2008 (A4061014) Phase II

Targeted therapy

Continued indefinitely

References

  1. A4061014: Cohen EE, Rosen LS, Vokes EE, Kies MS, Forastiere AA, Worden FP, Kane MA, Sherman E, Kim S, Bycott P, Tortorici M, Shalinsky DR, Liau KF, Cohen RB. Axitinib is an active treatment for all histologic subtypes of advanced thyroid cancer: results from a phase II study. J Clin Oncol. 2008 Oct 10;26(29):4708-13. Epub 2008 Jun 9. link to original article contains verified protocol link to PMC article PubMed NCT00094055
    1. Update: Cohen EE, Tortorici M, Kim S, Ingrosso A, Pithavala YK, Bycott P. A Phase II trial of axitinib in patients with various histologic subtypes of advanced thyroid cancer: long-term outcomes and pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic analyses. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 2014 Dec;74(6):1261-70. Epub 2014 Oct 15. link to original article link to PMC article PubMed

Doxorubicin monotherapy

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Regimen

Study Evidence
Gottlieb et al. 1974 Non-randomized

Of historic interest.

Chemotherapy

References

  1. Gottlieb JA, Hill CS Jr. Chemotherapy of thyroid cancer with adriamycin: experience with 30 patients. N Engl J Med. 1974 Jan 24;290(4):193-7. link to original article PubMed

Sorafenib monotherapy

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Regimen

Study Evidence Efficacy
Gupta-Abramson et al. 2008 Phase II ORR: 23% (95% CI, 10-42)

Targeted therapy

Continued indefinitely

References

  1. Gupta-Abramson V, Troxel AB, Nellore A, Puttaswamy K, Redlinger M, Ransone K, Mandel SJ, Flaherty KT, Loevner LA, O'Dwyer PJ, Brose MS. Phase II trial of sorafenib in advanced thyroid cancer. J Clin Oncol. 2008 Oct 10;26(29):4714-9. Epub 2008 Jun 9. link to original article contains verified protocol link to PMC article PubMed