High-grade glioma, pediatric

From HemOnc.org - A Hematology Oncology Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Section editor
SeemaNagpal.jpg
Seema Nagpal, MD
Stanford University
Palo Alto, CA

This page contains studies that are specific to pediatric populations. For the more general high-grade glioma category page, follow this link.

3 regimens on this page
3 variants on this page


Adjuvant therapy

Lomustine, Vincristine, Prednisone

back to top

Regimen

Study Years of enrollment Evidence Comparator Comparative Efficacy
Finlay et al. 1995 1985-1990 Phase III (C) 8-drug regimen Did not meet primary endpoint of OS

Preceding treatment

Chemotherapy

References

  1. CCG-945: Finlay JL, Boyett JM, Yates AJ, Wisoff JH, Milstein JM, Geyer JR, Bertolone SJ, McGuire P, Cherlow JM, Tefft M, Turski PA, Wara WM, Edwards M, Sutton LN, Berger MS, Epstein F, Ayers G, Allen JC, Packer RJ; Children's Cancer Group. Randomized phase III trial in childhood high-grade astrocytoma comparing vincristine, lomustine, and prednisone with the eight-drugs-in-1-day regimen. J Clin Oncol. 1995 Jan;13(1):112-23. link to original article PubMed

Temozolomide & RT

back to top

Temozolomide & RT: Temozolomide & Radiation Therapy

Regimen

Study Years of enrollment Evidence Comparator Comparative Efficacy
Grill et al. 2018 (HERBY) 2011-2015 Randomized Phase II (C) Temozolomide, Bevacizumab, RT Did not meet primary endpoint of EFS

Preceding treatment

Chemotherapy

  • Temozolomide (Temodar) as follows:
    • Cycle 1: 75 mg/m2 PO or IV once per day
    • Cycles 2 to 13: 150 to 200 mg/m2 PO once per day on days 1 to 5

Radiotherapy

  • Concurrent radiation therapy as follows:
    • Cycle 1: 1.8 Gy fractions x 30 fractions, for a total dose of 54 Gy

6-week course, then 4-week break, then 28-day cycle for up to 12 cycles

References

  1. HERBY: Grill J, Massimino M, Bouffet E, Azizi AA, McCowage G, CaƱete A, Saran F, Le Deley MC, Varlet P, Morgan PS, Jaspan T, Jones C, Giangaspero F, Smith H, Garcia J, Elze MC, Rousseau RF, Abrey L, Hargrave D, Vassal G. Phase II, open-label, randomized, multicenter trial (HERBY) of bevacizumab in pediatric patients with newly diagnosed high-grade glioma. J Clin Oncol. 2018 Apr 1;36(10):951-958. Epub 2018 Feb 7. link to original article contains verified protocol PubMed NCT01390948

Recurrent disease, non-curative therapy, non-randomized or retrospective data

Temozolomide monotherapy

back to top

Regimen variant #2, 11 cycles

Study Evidence
Nicholson et al. 2007 Non-randomized

Chemotherapy

  • Temozolomide (Temodar) 150 to 200 mg/m2 PO once per day on days 1 to 5
    • Patients who previously received craniospinal irradiation (CSI) instead received 180 mg/m2 PO once per day on days 1 to 5

28-day cycle for up to 11 cycles

References

  1. Nicholson HS, Kretschmar CS, Krailo M, Bernstein M, Kadota R, Fort D, Friedman H, Harris MB, Tedeschi-Blok N, Mazewski C, Sato J, Reaman GH; Children's Oncology Group. Phase 2 study of temozolomide in children and adolescents with recurrent central nervous system tumors: a report from the Children's Oncology Group. Cancer. 2007 Oct 1;110(7):1542-50. link to original article contains verified protocol PubMed

Investigational agents