Colorectal cancer - historical

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The purpose of this page is to provide references to regimens that are obsolete, outdated, or of historical interest only. As a general rule, this includes the inferior arm(s) of a randomized study, unless said regimens continue to be recommended by trustworthy sources such as the NCCN Guidelines. Is there a regimen missing from this list? See the main colorectal cancer page for current regimens.

4 regimens on this page
4 variants on this page


Metastatic disease, first-line

Fluorouracil & Methotrexate (MF)

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Regimen

Study Years of enrollment Evidence Comparator Comparative Efficacy
Wils et al. 2003 1992-1994 Phase 3 (C) MF & PALA Seems not superior

Chemotherapy

References

  1. Wils J, Blijham GH, Wagener T, De Greve J, Jansen RL, Kok TC, Nortier JW, Bleiberg H, Couvreur ML, Genicot B, Baron B; EORTC Gastrointestinal Group. High-dose 5-fluorouracil plus low dose methotrexate plus or minus low-dose PALA in advanced colorectal cancer: a randomised phase II-III trial of the EORTC Gastrointestinal Group. Eur J Cancer. 2003 Feb;39(3):346-52. link to original article PubMed

Fluorouracil & Mitomycin

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Regimen

Study Years of enrollment Evidence Comparator Comparative Efficacy
Price et al. 2004 1996-1998 Phase 3 (C) Fluorouracil & Mitomycin; chronomodulated Seems not superior

Chemotherapy

References

  1. Price TJ, Ross PJ, Hickish T, Tait D, Norman AR, Ford HE, Middleton G, Sumpter K, Hill M, Oates J, Cunningham D. Phase III study of mitomycin-C with protracted venous infusion or circadian-timed infusion of 5-fluorouracil in advanced colorectal carcinoma. Clin Colorectal Cancer. 2004 Feb;3(4):235-42. link to original article PubMed

Fluorouracil & Semustine

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Regimen

Study Years of enrollment Evidence Comparator Comparative Efficacy
Baker et al. 1976 1973-1974 Phase 3 (C) 5-FU Superior ORR
Engstrom et al. 1982 (ECOG E4275) NR Phase 3 (E-switch-ic) 1. 5-FU, Semustine, Vincristine
2. 5-FU, Dacarbazine, Semustine
3. 5-FU, Dacarbazine, Semustine, Vincristine
4. 5-FU & Hydrea
Seems not superior

Chemotherapy

References

  1. Baker LH, Talley RW, Matter R, Lehane DE, Ruffner BW, Jones SE, Morrison FS, Stephens RL, Gehan EA, Vaitkevicius VK; Southwest Oncology Group. Phase III comparison of the treatment of advanced gastrointestinal cancer with bolus weekly 5-FU vs methyl-CCNU plus bolus weekly 5-FU: a Southwest Oncology Group study. Cancer. 1976 Jul;38(1):1-7. link to original article PubMed
  2. ECOG E4275: Engstrom PF, MacIntyre JM, Douglass HO Jr, Muggia F, Mittelman A. Combination chemotherapy of advanced colorectal cancer utilizing 5-fluorouracil, semustine, dacarbazine, vincristine, and hydroxyurea: a phase III trial by the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (EST: 4275). Cancer. 1982 Apr 15;49(8):1555-60. link to original article PubMed

FOLFOX chronotherapy

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FOLFOX: FOLinic acid, Fluorouracil, OXaliplatin

Regimen

Study Years of enrollment Evidence Comparator Comparative Efficacy
Lévi et al. 1997 1991-1993 Phase 3 (E-switch-ic) FOLFOX; CI Superior TTF

This schedule is "chronomodulated"; see paper for details.

Chemotherapy

21-day cycles

References

  1. Lévi F, Zidani R, Misset JL; International Organization for Cancer Chronotherapy. Randomised multicentre trial of chronotherapy with oxaliplatin, fluorouracil, and folinic acid in metastatic colorectal cancer. Lancet. 1997 Sep 6;350(9079):681-6. link to original article contains verified protocol PubMed