Upper tract urothelial carcinoma - null regimens

From HemOnc.org - A Hematology Oncology Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The purpose of this page is to provide references to "null therapy" such as placebo and observation. These references provide further insight into the historical development of the treatment landscape. See the main UTUC page for regimens that include active anticancer treatment.

Adjuvant therapy



Study Dates of enrollment Evidence Comparator Comparative Efficacy
Ito et al. 2013 (THP Monotherapy Study Group Trial) 2005-2008 Randomized Phase 2 (C) Intravesicular pirarubicin Seems to have inferior RFS
Birtle et al. 2020 (POUT) 2012-2017 Phase 3 (C) 1a. GC
1b. GCb
Inferior DFS

No further antineoplastic treatment.

Preceding treatment


  1. THP Monotherapy Study Group Trial: Ito A, Shintaku I, Satoh M, Ioritani N, Aizawa M, Tochigi T, Kawamura S, Aoki H, Numata I, Takeda A, Namiki S, Namima T, Ikeda Y, Kambe K, Kyan A, Ueno S, Orikasa K, Katoh S, Adachi H, Tokuyama S, Ishidoya S, Yamaguchi T, Arai Y. Prospective randomized phase II trial of a single early intravesical instillation of pirarubicin (THP) in the prevention of bladder recurrence after nephroureterectomy for upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma: the THP Monotherapy Study Group Trial. J Clin Oncol. 2013 Apr 10;31(11):1422-7. Epub 2013 Mar 4. link to original article PubMed UMIN000004039
  2. POUT: Birtle A, Johnson M, Chester J, Jones R, Dolling D, Bryan RT, Harris C, Winterbottom A, Blacker A, Catto JWF, Chakraborti P, Donovan JL, Elliott PA, French A, Jagdev S, Jenkins B, Keeley FX Jr, Kockelbergh R, Powles T, Wagstaff J, Wilson C, Todd R, Lewis R, Hall E. Adjuvant chemotherapy in upper tract urothelial carcinoma (the POUT trial): a phase 3, open-label, randomised controlled trial. Lancet. 2020 Apr 18;395(10232):1268-1277. link to original article link to PMC article PubMed NCT01993979
    1. Update: Birtle AJ, Jones R, Chester J, Lewis R, Biscombe K, Johnson M, Blacker A, Bryan RT, Catto JWF, Choudhury A, Das P, Jagdev S, Powles T, Wagstaff J, Cheung KC, Cafferty F, Hall E. Improved Disease-Free Survival With Adjuvant Chemotherapy After Nephroureterectomy for Upper Tract Urothelial Cancer: Final Results of the POUT Trial. J Clin Oncol. 2024 May 1;42(13):1466-1471. Epub 2024 Feb 13. link to original article PubMed