Non-small cell lung cancer, ROS1-positive

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Eric K. Singhi, MD
MD Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, TX

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Amit Kulkarni, MBBS
University of Minnesota
Minneapolis, MN

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Note: these are regimens tested in biomarker-specific populations, please see the main NSCLC page for other regimens.

4 regimens on this page
6 variants on this page


Advanced or metastatic disease, ROS1 inhibitor-naive

Ceritinib monotherapy

Regimen

Study Evidence Efficacy
Lim et al. 2017 Phase 2 ORR: 67% (95% CI, 48-81)

Targeted therapy

28-day cycles

References

  1. Lim SM, Kim HR, Lee JS, Lee KH, Lee YG, Min YJ, Cho EK, Lee SS, Kim BS, Choi MY, Shim HS, Chung JH, La Choi Y, Lee MJ, Kim M, Kim JH, Ali SM, Ahn MJ, Cho BC. Open-label, multicenter, phase II study of ceritinib in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer harboring ROS1 rearrangement. J Clin Oncol. 2017 Aug 10;35(23):2613-2618. Epub 2017 May 18. link to original article contains dosing details in manuscript PubMed

Crizotinib monotherapy

Regimen variant #1, standard-dose

FDA-recommended dose
Study Years of enrollment Evidence Efficacy
Shaw et al. 2014 (PROFILE 1001 ROS1) 2010-2013 Phase 1 (RT) ORR: 72% (95% CI, 58-84)

Note: this was an expansion cohort of a phase 1 study.

Targeted therapy

28-day cycles

Regimen variant #2, 200 mg twice per day

FDA-recommended dose

Note: this is the FDA-recommended dosing for "moderate" hepatic impairment.

Targeted therapy

Continued indefinitely

Regimen variant #3, 250 mg/day

FDA-recommended dose

Note: this is the FDA-recommended dosing for "severe" hepatic or renal impairment.

Targeted therapy

Continued indefinitely

References

  1. PROFILE 1001 ROS1: Shaw AT, Ou SH, Bang YJ, Camidge DR, Solomon BJ, Salgia R, Riely GJ, Varella-Garcia M, Shapiro GI, Costa DB, Doebele RC, Le LP, Zheng Z, Tan W, Stephenson P, Shreeve SM, Tye LM, Christensen JG, Wilner KD, Clark JW, Iafrate AJ. Crizotinib in ROS1-rearranged non-small-cell lung cancer. N Engl J Med. 2014 Nov 20;371(21):1963-71. Epub 2014 Sep 27. link to original article link to PMC article contains dosing details in manuscript PubMed NCT00585195

Entrectinib monotherapy

Regimen

FDA-recommended dose
Study Years of enrollment Evidence
Drilon et al. 2017 (ALKA-372-001) 2012-2018 Phase 1
Drilon et al. 2017 (STARTRK-1) 2012-2018 Phase 1 (RT)

Note: this is the MTD used in the phase 2 portion; it is also the FDA-recommended dose for adults.

Targeted therapy

Continued indefinitely

References

  1. ALKA-372-001: Drilon A, Siena S, Ou SI, Patel M, Ahn MJ, Lee J, Bauer TM, Farago AF, Wheler JJ, Liu SV, Doebele R, Giannetta L, Cerea G, Marrapese G, Schirru M, Amatu A, Bencardino K, Palmeri L, Sartore-Bianchi A, Vanzulli A, Cresta S, Damian S, Duca M, Ardini E, Li G, Christiansen J, Kowalski K, Johnson AD, Patel R, Luo D, Chow-Maneval E, Hornby Z, Multani PS, Shaw AT, De Braud FG. Safety and antitumor activity of the multitargeted pan-TRK, ROS1, and ALK inhibitor entrectinib: combined results from two phase I trials (ALKA-372-001 and STARTRK-1). Cancer Discov. 2017 Apr;7(4):400-409. Epub 2017 Feb 9. link to original article link to PMC article PubMed EudraCT 2012-000148-88
    1. Pooled update: Drilon A, Siena S, Dziadziuszko R, Barlesi F, Krebs MG, Shaw AT, de Braud F, Rolfo C, Ahn MJ, Wolf J, Seto T, Cho BC, Patel MR, Chiu CH, John T, Goto K, Karapetis CS, Arkenau HT, Kim SW, Ohe Y, Li YC, Chae YK, Chung CH, Otterson GA, Murakami H, Lin CC, Tan DSW, Prenen H, Riehl T, Chow-Maneval E, Simmons B, Cui N, Johnson A, Eng S, Wilson TR, Doebele RC; trial investigators. Entrectinib in ROS1 fusion-positive non-small-cell lung cancer: integrated analysis of three phase 1-2 trials. Lancet Oncol. 2020 Feb;21(2):261-270. Epub 2019 Dec 11. Erratum in: Lancet Oncol. 2020 Feb;21(2):e70. Erratum in: Lancet Oncol. 2020 Jul;21(7):e341. link to original article link to PMC article PubMed
    2. Pooled update: Dziadziuszko R, Krebs MG, De Braud F, Siena S, Drilon A, Doebele RC, Patel MR, Cho BC, Liu SV, Ahn MJ, Chiu CH, Farago AF, Lin CC, Karapetis CS, Li YC, Day BM, Chen D, Wilson TR, Barlesi F. Updated Integrated Analysis of the Efficacy and Safety of Entrectinib in Locally Advanced or Metastatic ROS1 Fusion-Positive Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer. J Clin Oncol. 2021 Apr 10;39(11):1253-1263. Epub 2021 Mar 1. link to original article link to PMC article PubMed
  2. STARTRK-1: Drilon A, Siena S, Ou SI, Patel M, Ahn MJ, Lee J, Bauer TM, Farago AF, Wheler JJ, Liu SV, Doebele R, Giannetta L, Cerea G, Marrapese G, Schirru M, Amatu A, Bencardino K, Palmeri L, Sartore-Bianchi A, Vanzulli A, Cresta S, Damian S, Duca M, Ardini E, Li G, Christiansen J, Kowalski K, Johnson AD, Patel R, Luo D, Chow-Maneval E, Hornby Z, Multani PS, Shaw AT, De Braud FG. Safety and antitumor activity of the multitargeted pan-TRK, ROS1, and ALK inhibitor entrectinib: combined results from two phase I trials (ALKA-372-001 and STARTRK-1). Cancer Discov. 2017 Apr;7(4):400-409. Epub 2017 Feb 9. link to original article link to PMC article PubMed NCT02097810
    1. Pooled update: Drilon A, Siena S, Dziadziuszko R, Barlesi F, Krebs MG, Shaw AT, de Braud F, Rolfo C, Ahn MJ, Wolf J, Seto T, Cho BC, Patel MR, Chiu CH, John T, Goto K, Karapetis CS, Arkenau HT, Kim SW, Ohe Y, Li YC, Chae YK, Chung CH, Otterson GA, Murakami H, Lin CC, Tan DSW, Prenen H, Riehl T, Chow-Maneval E, Simmons B, Cui N, Johnson A, Eng S, Wilson TR, Doebele RC; trial investigators. Entrectinib in ROS1 fusion-positive non-small-cell lung cancer: integrated analysis of three phase 1-2 trials. Lancet Oncol. 2020 Feb;21(2):261-270. Epub 2019 Dec 11. Erratum in: Lancet Oncol. 2020 Feb;21(2):e70. Erratum in: Lancet Oncol. 2020 Jul;21(7):e341. link to original article link to PMC article PubMed
    2. Pooled update: Dziadziuszko R, Krebs MG, De Braud F, Siena S, Drilon A, Doebele RC, Patel MR, Cho BC, Liu SV, Ahn MJ, Chiu CH, Farago AF, Lin CC, Karapetis CS, Li YC, Day BM, Chen D, Wilson TR, Barlesi F. Updated Integrated Analysis of the Efficacy and Safety of Entrectinib in Locally Advanced or Metastatic ROS1 Fusion-Positive Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer. J Clin Oncol. 2021 Apr 10;39(11):1253-1263. Epub 2021 Mar 1. link to original article link to PMC article PubMed

Advanced or metastatic disease, ROS1 inhibitor-exposed

Lorlatinib monotherapy

Regimen

Study Years of enrollment Evidence
Shaw et al. 2017 (B7461001) 2014-2016 Phase 1/2

Targeted therapy

Continued indefinitely

References

  1. B7461001: Shaw AT, Felip E, Bauer TM, Besse B, Navarro A, Postel-Vinay S, Gainor JF, Johnson M, Dietrich J, James LP, Clancy JS, Chen J, Martini JF, Abbattista A, Solomon BJ. Lorlatinib in non-small-cell lung cancer with ALK or ROS1 rearrangement: an international, multicentre, open-label, single-arm first-in-man phase 1 trial. Lancet Oncol. 2017 Dec;18(12):1590-1599. Epub 2017 Oct 23. link to original article contains dosing details in abstract link to PMC article PubMed NCT01970865
    1. Update: Shaw AT, Solomon BJ, Chiari R, Riely GJ, Besse B, Soo RA, Kao S, Lin CC, Bauer TM, Clancy JS, Thurm H, Martini JF, Peltz G, Abbattista A, Li S, Ou SI. Lorlatinib in advanced ROS1-positive non-small-cell lung cancer: a multicentre, open-label, single-arm, phase 1-2 trial. Lancet Oncol. 2019 Dec;20(12):1691-1701. Epub 2019 Oct 25. link to original article PubMed

Additional resources

Investigational agents

Drugs with some degree of promising activity in clinical trials.