Levoleucovorin (Fusilev)

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General information

Class/mechanism: Folic acid analog that is the pharmacologically active isomer of 5-formyl tetrahydrofolic acid (racemic d,l Folinic acid (Leucovorin)). Counteracts the effects of folic acid antagonists such as methotrexate, which acts by inhibiting dihydrofolate reductase. Enhances the activity of Fluorouracil (5-FU) by inhibiting thymidylate synthase.[1][2][3]
Route: IV
Extravasation: no information

For conciseness and simplicity, HemOnc.org currently will focus on treatment regimens and not list information such as: renal/hepatic dose adjustments, metabolism (including CYP450), excretion, monitoring parameters (although this will be considered for checklists), or manufacturer. Instead, for the most current information, please refer to your preferred pharmacopeias such as Micromedex, Lexicomp, UpToDate (courtesy of Lexicomp), or the prescribing information.[1]

Diseases for which it is used

Patient drug information

History of changes in FDA indication

  • 3/7/2008: FDA approved "to diminish the toxicity and counteract the effects of impaired methotrexate elimination and of inadvertent overdosage of folic acid antagonists." "Levoleucovorin rescue is indicated after high-dose methotrexate therapy in osteosarcoma."

Also known as

  • Generic name: levoleucovorin calcium
  • Brand name: Fusilev

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Levoleucovorin (Fusilev) package insert
  2. Levoleucovorin (Fusilev) package insert (locally hosted backup)
  3. Fusilev manufacturer's website
  4. Levoleucovorin (Fusilev) patient drug information (UpToDate)