Class/mechanism: Tyrosine kinase inhibitor, MEK1 (mitogen-activated extracellular signal regulated kinase 1) and MEK2 inhibitor. Cobimetinib inhibits the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)/extracellular signal-related kinase (ERK) pathway by inhibiting MEK1 and MEK2. Cancers with BRAF V600E and K mutations have constitutive activation of the BRAF pathway, which includes MEK1 and MEK2. Inhibiting MEK1 and MEK2 results in inhibition of ERK and cellular proliferation.
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Diseases for which it is used
Patient drug information
History of changes in FDA indication
- 11/10/2015: Approved for the treatment of patients with unresectable or metastatic melanoma with a BRAF V600E or V600K mutation, in combination with vemurafenib. (Based on coBRIM)
Also Known As
- Code names: GDC-0973, XL518
- Brand name: Cotellic