Breast cancer, PIK3CA-mutated

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H. Deepika Fernandes, MD, FACP
University of North Dakota
Bismarck, ND
3 regimens on this page
3 variants on this page

Note: this page has regimens which are specific to breast cancer that is PIK3CA-mutated. Please see the main breast cancer page for other chemotherapy regimens.


Advanced or metastatic disease, all lines of therapy

Alpelisib & Fulvestrant

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Regimen

FDA-recommended dose
Study Years of enrollment Evidence Comparator Comparative Efficacy
André et al. 2019 (SOLAR-1) 2015-2017 Phase 3 (E-RT-esc) Fulvestrant Superior PFS

Note: patients enrolled in this trial had HR-positive breast cancer.

Targeted therapy

Endocrine therapy

  • Fulvestrant (Faslodex) as follows:
    • Cycle 1: 500 mg IM once per day on days 1 & 15
    • Cycle 2 onwards: 500 mg IM once on day 1

28-day cycles

References

  1. SOLAR-1: André F, Ciruelos E, Rubovszky G, Campone M, Loibl S, Rugo HS, Iwata H, Conte P, Mayer IA, Kaufman B, Yamashita T, Lu YS, Inoue K, Takahashi M, Pápai Z, Longin AS, Mills D, Wilke C, Hirawat S, Juric D; SOLAR-1 Study Group. Alpelisib for PIK3CA-mutated, hormone receptor-positive advanced breast cancer. N Engl J Med. 2019 May 16;380(20):1929-1940. link to original article contains verified protocol PubMed NCT02437318

Fulvestrant monotherapy

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Regimen

Study Years of enrollment Evidence Comparator Comparative Efficacy
André et al. 2019 (SOLAR-1) 2015-2017 Phase 3 (C) Alpelisib & Fulvestrant Inferior PFS
Dent et al. 2020 (SANDPIPER) 2015-2017 Phase 3 (C) Taselisib & Fulvestrant Inferior PFS

Note: patients enrolled in these trials had HR-positive breast cancer.

Endocrine therapy

  • Fulvestrant (Faslodex) as follows:
    • Cycle 1: 500 mg IM once per day on days 1 & 15
    • Cycle 2 onwards: 500 mg IM once on day 1

28-day cycles

References

  1. SOLAR-1: André F, Ciruelos E, Rubovszky G, Campone M, Loibl S, Rugo HS, Iwata H, Conte P, Mayer IA, Kaufman B, Yamashita T, Lu YS, Inoue K, Takahashi M, Pápai Z, Longin AS, Mills D, Wilke C, Hirawat S, Juric D; SOLAR-1 Study Group. Alpelisib for PIK3CA-mutated, hormone receptor-positive advanced breast cancer. N Engl J Med. 2019 May 16;380(20):1929-1940. link to original article contains verified protocol PubMed NCT02437318
  2. SANDPIPER: Dent S, Cortés J, Im YH, Diéras V, Harbeck N, Krop IE, Wilson TR, Cui N, Schimmoller F, Hsu JY, He J, De Laurentiis M, Sousa S, Drullinsky P, Jacot W. Phase III randomized study of taselisib or placebo with fulvestrant in estrogen receptor-positive, PIK3CA-mutant, HER2-negative, advanced breast cancer: the SANDPIPER trial. Ann Oncol. 2021 Feb;32(2):197-207. Epub 2020 Nov 10. link to original article PubMed NCT02340221

Paclitaxel monotherapy

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Regimen

Study Years of enrollment Evidence Comparator Comparative Efficacy
Turner et al. 2021 (IPATunity130) 2018-2019 Phase 3 (C) Ipatasertib & Paclitaxel Did not meet primary endpoint of PFS

Biomarker eligibility criteria

  • HR+ HER2-negative PIK3CA/AKT1/PTEN-altered

Chemotherapy

28-day cycles

References

  1. IPATunity130: Turner N, Dent RA, O'Shaughnessy J, Kim SB, Isakoff SJ, Barrios C, Saji S, Bondarenko I, Nowecki Z, Lian Q, Reilly SJ, Hinton H, Wongchenko MJ, Kovic B, Mani A, Oliveira M. Ipatasertib plus paclitaxel for PIK3CA/AKT1/PTEN-altered hormone receptor-positive HER2-negative advanced breast cancer: primary results from cohort B of the IPATunity130 randomized phase 3 trial. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2022 Feb;191(3):565-576. Epub 2021 Dec 3. link to original article contains protocol PubMed NCT03337724