B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia, pediatric - null regimens

From HemOnc.org - A Hematology Oncology Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The purpose of this page is to provide references to "null therapy" such as placebo and observation. These references provide further insight into the historical development of the treatment landscape. See the main pediatric B-ALL page for regimens that include active anticancer treatment.

Maintenance after upfront therapy



Study Dates of enrollment Evidence Comparator Comparative Efficacy
Yang et al. 2021 (CCCG-ALL-2015) 2015-2020 Phase 3 (E-de-esc) Vincristine & Dexamethasone Non-inferior EFS60 (primary endpoint)

No active maintenance treatment beyond 1 year. Patients in this study were required to be in continuous remission for 1 year after initial treatment.


  1. CCCG-ALL-2015: Yang W, Cai J, Shen S, Gao J, Yu J, Hu S, Jiang H, Fang Y, Liang C, Ju X, Wu X, Zhai X, Tian X, Wang N, Liu A, Jiang H, Jin R, Sun L, Yang M, Leung AWK, Pan K, Zhang Y, Chen J, Zhu Y, Zhang H, Li C, Yang JJ, Cheng C, Li CK, Tang J, Zhu X, Pui CH. Pulse therapy with vincristine and dexamethasone for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (CCCG-ALL-2015): an open-label, multicentre, randomised, phase 3, non-inferiority trial. Lancet Oncol. 2021 Sep;22(9):1322-1332. Epub 2021 Jul 27. link to original article link to PMC article PubMed ChiCTR-IPR-14005706