Plasma cell leukemia

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4 regimens on this page
4 variants on this page


Untreated

Ld

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Ld: Lenalidomide, low dose dexamethasone

Regimen

Study Evidence
Musto et al. 2013 Phase II

Chemotherapy

28-day cycle for 4 cycles

Responding patients eligible for transplant proceeded to SCT per center protocol. Responding patients ineligible for transplant received 4 more cycles of Ld, followed by lenalidomide maintenance.

References

  1. Musto P, Simeon V, Martorelli MC, Petrucci MT, Cascavilla N, Di Raimondo F, Caravita T, Morabito F, Offidani M, Olivieri A, Benevolo G, Mina R, Guariglia R, D'Arena G, Mansueto G, Filardi N, Nobile F, Levi A, Falcone A, Cavalli M, Pietrantuono G, Villani O, Bringhen S, Omedè P, Lerose R, Agnelli L, Todoerti K, Neri A, Boccadoro M, Palumbo A. Lenalidomide and low-dose dexamethasone for newly diagnosed primary plasma cell leukemia. Leukemia. 2014 Jan;28(1):222-5. Epub 2013 Aug 20. link to original article contains verified protocol PubMed

PAD/VCD

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PAD: PS-341 (Bortezomib), Adriamycin liposomal (Doxorubicin liposomal), Dexamethasone
VCD: Velcade (Bortezomib), Cyclophosphamide, Dexamethasone

Regimen

Study Evidence
Royer et al. 2016 Phase II

PAD portion

Two 21-day cycles (1 & 3), alternating with VCD

VCD portion

Two 21-day cycles (2 & 4), alternating with PAD

Responding patients proceeded to undergo high-dose melphalan & autologous stem cell transplant.

References

  1. Royer B, Minvielle S, Diouf M, Roussel M, Karlin L, Hulin C, Arnulf B, Macro M, Cailleres S, Brion A, Brechignac S, Belhadj K, Chretien ML, Wetterwald M, Chaleteix C, Tiab M, Leleu X, Frenzel L, Garderet L, Choquet S, Fuzibet JG, Dauriac C, Forneker LM, Benboubker L, Facon T, Moreau P, Avet-Loiseau H, Marolleau JP. Bortezomib, Doxorubicin, Cyclophosphamide, Dexamethasone Induction Followed by Stem Cell Transplantation for Primary Plasma Cell Leukemia: A Prospective Phase II Study of the Intergroupe Francophone du Myélome. J Clin Oncol. 2016 Jun 20;34(18):2125-32. Epub 2016 Apr 25. link to original article contains verified protocol PubMed

Consolidation after upfront therapy

Melphalan -> autologous stem cell transplant

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Regimen

Study Evidence
Royer et al. 2016 Phase II

Treatment preceded by PAD alternating with VCD.

Chemotherapy

  • Melphalan (Alkeran) 200 mg/m2 IV once
    • Patients older than 65 years or with CrCl less than 30 mL/min/1.73m2: 140 mg/m2

References

  1. Royer B, Minvielle S, Diouf M, Roussel M, Karlin L, Hulin C, Arnulf B, Macro M, Cailleres S, Brion A, Brechignac S, Belhadj K, Chretien ML, Wetterwald M, Chaleteix C, Tiab M, Leleu X, Frenzel L, Garderet L, Choquet S, Fuzibet JG, Dauriac C, Forneker LM, Benboubker L, Facon T, Moreau P, Avet-Loiseau H, Marolleau JP. Bortezomib, Doxorubicin, Cyclophosphamide, Dexamethasone Induction Followed by Stem Cell Transplantation for Primary Plasma Cell Leukemia: A Prospective Phase II Study of the Intergroupe Francophone du Myélome. J Clin Oncol. 2016 Jun 20;34(18):2125-32. Epub 2016 Apr 25. link to original article contains protocol PubMed

Maintenance therapy

Lenalidomide monotherapy

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Regimen

Study Evidence
Musto et al. 2013 Phase II

Treatment preceded by Ld x 8.

Chemotherapy

28-day cycles until progression

References

  1. Musto P, Simeon V, Martorelli MC, Petrucci MT, Cascavilla N, Di Raimondo F, Caravita T, Morabito F, Offidani M, Olivieri A, Benevolo G, Mina R, Guariglia R, D'Arena G, Mansueto G, Filardi N, Nobile F, Levi A, Falcone A, Cavalli M, Pietrantuono G, Villani O, Bringhen S, Omedè P, Lerose R, Agnelli L, Todoerti K, Neri A, Boccadoro M, Palumbo A. Lenalidomide and low-dose dexamethasone for newly diagnosed primary plasma cell leukemia. Leukemia. 2014 Jan;28(1):222-5. Epub 2013 Aug 20. link to original article contains verified protocol PubMed