Ovarian cancer, BRCA-mutated

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Dewdney.jpg
Summer B. Dewdney, MD
Rush University
Chicago, IL
3 regimens on this page
3 variants on this page

Note: this page has regimens which are specific to ovarian cancer that is BRCA-mutated. Please see the main ovarian cancer page for other chemotherapy regimens.


Maintenance after first-line therapy

Olaparib monotherapy

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Regimen

Study Evidence Comparator Comparative Efficacy
Moore et al. 2018 (SOLO-1) Phase III (E-RT-esc) Placebo Superior PFS

Patients had BRCA1/2 mutations.

Chemotherapy

Continued indefinitely

References

  1. SOLO-1: Moore K, Colombo N, Scambia G, Kim BG, Oaknin A, Friedlander M, Lisyanskaya A, Floquet A, Leary A, Sonke GS, Gourley C, Banerjee S, Oza A, González-Martín A, Aghajanian C, Bradley W, Mathews C, Liu J, Lowe ES, Bloomfield R, DiSilvestro P. Maintenance olaparib in patients with newly diagnosed advanced ovarian cancer. N Engl J Med. 2018 Dec 27;379(26):2495-2505. Epub 2018 Oct 21. link to original article contains protocol PubMed

Placebo

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Regimen

Study Evidence Comparator Comparative Efficacy
Moore et al. 2018 (SOLO-1) Phase III (C) Olaparib Inferior PFS

No active antineoplastic treatment after initial treatment.

References

  1. SOLO-1: Moore K, Colombo N, Scambia G, Kim BG, Oaknin A, Friedlander M, Lisyanskaya A, Floquet A, Leary A, Sonke GS, Gourley C, Banerjee S, Oza A, González-Martín A, Aghajanian C, Bradley W, Mathews C, Liu J, Lowe ES, Bloomfield R, DiSilvestro P. Maintenance olaparib in patients with newly diagnosed advanced ovarian cancer. N Engl J Med. 2018 Dec 27;379(26):2495-2505. Epub 2018 Oct 21. link to original article contains protocol PubMed

Maintenance after second-line therapy for platinum-sensitive disease

Olaparib monotherapy

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Regimen

Study Evidence Comparator Comparative Efficacy
Pujade-Lauraine et al. 2017 (SOLO2) Phase III (E-RT-esc) Placebo Superior PFS

Patients had platinum-sensitive relapsed disease and BRCA1/2 mutations.

Chemotherapy

Continued indefinitely

References

  1. SOLO2: Pujade-Lauraine E, Ledermann JA, Selle F, Gebski V, Penson RT, Oza AM, Korach J, Huzarski T, Poveda A, Pignata S, Friedlander M, Colombo N, Harter P, Fujiwara K, Ray-Coquard I, Banerjee S, Liu J, Lowe ES, Bloomfield R, Pautier P; SOLO2/ENGOT-Ov21 investigators. Olaparib tablets as maintenance therapy in patients with platinum-sensitive, relapsed ovarian cancer and a BRCA1/2 mutation (SOLO2/ENGOT-Ov21): a double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial. Lancet Oncol. 2017 Sep;18(9):1274-1284. Epub 2017 Jul 25. link to original article contains protocol PubMed

Placebo

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Regimen

Study Evidence Comparator Comparative Efficacy
Pujade-Lauraine et al. 2017 (SOLO2) Phase III (C) Olaparib Inferior PFS

No further active antineoplastic treatment.

Preceding treatment

  • Platinum-based chemotherapy

References

  1. SOLO2: Pujade-Lauraine E, Ledermann JA, Selle F, Gebski V, Penson RT, Oza AM, Korach J, Huzarski T, Poveda A, Pignata S, Friedlander M, Colombo N, Harter P, Fujiwara K, Ray-Coquard I, Banerjee S, Liu J, Lowe ES, Bloomfield R, Pautier P; SOLO2/ENGOT-Ov21 investigators. Olaparib tablets as maintenance therapy in patients with platinum-sensitive, relapsed ovarian cancer and a BRCA1/2 mutation (SOLO2/ENGOT-Ov21): a double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial. Lancet Oncol. 2017 Sep;18(9):1274-1284. Epub 2017 Jul 25. link to original article contains protocol PubMed

Relapsed or recurrent disease, platinum-resistant

Olaparib monotherapy

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Regimen

Study Evidence
Audeh et al. 2010 (ICEBERG 2) Phase II
Kaufman et al. 2014 (Study 42) Phase II (RT)

Patients in Study 42 were resistant to prior platinum-containing therapy.

Chemotherapy

Continued indefinitely

References

  1. ICEBERG 2: Audeh MW, Carmichael J, Penson RT, Friedlander M, Powell B, Bell-McGuinn KM, Scott C, Weitzel JN, Oaknin A, Loman N, Lu K, Schmutzler RK, Matulonis U, Wickens M, Tutt A. Oral poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitor olaparib in patients with BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations and recurrent ovarian cancer: a proof-of-concept trial. Lancet. 2010 Jul 24;376(9737):245-51. Epub 2010 Jul 6. link to original article contains verified protocol PubMed
  2. Study 42: Kaufman B, Shapira-Frommer R, Schmutzler RK, Audeh MW, Friedlander M, Balmaña J, Mitchell G, Fried G, Stemmer SM, Hubert A, Rosengarten O, Steiner M, Loman N, Bowen K, Fielding A, Domchek SM. Olaparib monotherapy in patients with advanced cancer and a germline BRCA1/2 mutation. J Clin Oncol. 2015 Jan 20;33(3):244-50. Epub 2014 Nov 3. link to original article contains verified protocol link to PMC article PubMed
    1. Subgroup analysis: Domchek SM, Aghajanian C, Shapira-Frommer R, Schmutzler RK, Audeh MW, Friedlander M, Balmaña J, Mitchell G, Fried G, Stemmer SM, Hubert A, Rosengarten O, Loman N, Robertson JD, Mann H, Kaufman B. Efficacy and safety of olaparib monotherapy in germline BRCA1/2 mutation carriers with advanced ovarian cancer and three or more lines of prior therapy. Gynecol Oncol. 2016 Feb;140(2):199-203. Epub 2015 Dec 23. link to original article link to PMC article PubMed

Additional resources

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