Neuroendocrine tumor - null regimens

From HemOnc.org - A Hematology Oncology Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search

The purpose of this page is to provide references to "null therapy" such as placebo and observation. While not clinically relevant, these references provide further insight into the historical development of the treatment landscape. See the main NET page for current regimens.


All lines of therapy

Placebo

back to top

Regimen

Study Years of enrollment Evidence Comparator Comparative Efficacy Comparative Toxicity
Rinke et al. 2009 (PROMID) 2001-2008 Phase III (C) Octreotide LAR Inferior TTP
Yao et al. 2015 (RADIANT-4) 2012-2013 Phase III (C) Everolimus Inferior PFS Equivalent HRQoL

No active antineoplastic treatment. Used as a comparator arm and here for reference purposes only.

References

  1. PROMID: Rinke A, Müller HH, Schade-Brittinger C, Klose KJ, Barth P, Wied M, Mayer C, Aminossadati B, Pape UF, Bläker M, Harder J, Arnold C, Gress T, Arnold R; PROMID Study Group. Placebo-controlled, double-blind, prospective, randomized study on the effect of octreotide LAR in the control of tumor growth in patients with metastatic neuroendocrine midgut tumors: a report from the PROMID Study Group. J Clin Oncol. 2009 Oct 1;27(28):4656-63. Epub 2009 Aug 24. link to original article contains verified protocol PubMed
  2. RADIANT-4: Yao JC, Fazio N, Singh S, Buzzoni R, Carnaghi C, Wolin E, Tomasek J, Raderer M, Lahner H, Voi M, Pacaud LB, Rouyrre N, Sachs C, Valle JW, Fave GD, Van Cutsem E, Tesselaar M, Shimada Y, Oh DY, Strosberg J, Kulke MH, Pavel ME; RAD001 in Advanced Neuroendocrine Tumours Fourth Trial (RADIANT-4) Study Group. Everolimus for the treatment of advanced, non-functional neuroendocrine tumours of the lung or gastrointestinal tract (RADIANT-4): a randomised, placebo-controlled, phase 3 study. Lancet. 2016 Mar 5;387(10022):968-977. Epub 2015 Dec 17. link to original article contains protocol link to PMC article PubMed
    1. HRQoL analysis: Pavel ME, Singh S, Strosberg JR, Bubuteishvili-Pacaud L, Degtyarev E, Neary MP, Carnaghi C, Tomasek J, Wolin E, Raderer M, Lahner H, Valle JW, Pommier R, Van Cutsem E, Tesselaar MET, Fave GD, Buzzoni R, Hunger M, Eriksson J, Cella D, Ricci JF, Fazio N, Kulke MH, Yao JC. Health-related quality of life for everolimus versus placebo in patients with advanced, non-functional, well-differentiated gastrointestinal or lung neuroendocrine tumours (RADIANT-4): a multicentre, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial. Lancet Oncol. 2017 Oct;18(10):1411-1422. Epub 2017 Aug 30. link to original article PubMed