Mantle cell lymphoma - null regimens

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The purpose of this page is to provide references to "null therapy" such as placebo and observation. While not clinically relevant, these references provide further insight into the historical development of the treatment landscape. See the main mantle cell lymphoma page for current regimens.


Maintenance after first-line therapy

Observation

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Regimen

Study Evidence Comparator Comparative Efficacy
Le Gouill et al. 2017 (LyMa) Phase III (C) Rituximab Seems to have inferior OS

No further treatment.

Preceding treatment

References

  1. Unterhalt M, Herrmann R, Tiemann M, Parwaresch R, Stein H, Trümper L, Nahler M, Reuss-Borst M, Tirier C, Neubauer A, Freund M, Kreuser ED, Dietzfelbinger H, Bodenstein H, Engert A, Stauder R, Eimermacher H, Landys K, Hiddemann W; German Low-Grade Lymphoma Study Group. Prednimustine, mitoxantrone (PmM) vs cyclophosphamide, vincristine, prednisone (COP) for the treatment of advanced low-grade non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Leukemia. 1996 May;10(5):836-43. PubMed
    1. Update: Hiddemann W, Unterhalt M, Herrmann R, Wöltjen HH, Kreuser ED, Trümper L, Reuss-Borst M, Terhardt-Kasten E, Busch M, Neubauer A, Kaiser U, Hanrath RD, Middeke H, Helm G, Freund M, Stein H, Tiemann M, Parwaresch R. Mantle-cell lymphomas have more widespread disease and a slower response to chemotherapy compared with follicle-center lymphomas: results of a prospective comparative analysis of the German Low-Grade Lymphoma Study Group. J Clin Oncol. 1998 May;16(5):1922-30. link to original article PubMed
  2. LyMa: Le Gouill S, Thieblemont C, Oberic L, Moreau A, Bouabdallah K, Dartigeas C, Damaj G, Gastinne T, Ribrag V, Feugier P, Casasnovas O, Zerazhi H, Haioun C, Maisonneuve H, Houot R, Jardin F, Van Den Neste E, Tournilhac O, Le Dû K, Morschhauser F, Cartron G, Fornecker LM, Canioni D, Callanan M, Béné MC, Salles G, Tilly H, Lamy T, Gressin R, Hermine O; LYSA. Rituximab after autologous stem-cell transplantation in mantle-cell lymphoma. N Engl J Med. 2017 Sep 28;377(13):1250-1260. link to original article contains verified protocol PubMed

Maintenance after second-line therapy

Observation

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Regimen

Study Evidence Comparator Comparative Efficacy
Forstpointner et al. 2004 Phase III (C) Rituximab Seems to have inferior response duration

No further treatment.

Preceding treatment

References

  1. Forstpointner R, Dreyling M, Repp R, Hermann S, Hänel A, Metzner B, Pott C, Hartmann F, Rothmann F, Rohrberg R, Böck HP, Wandt H, Unterhalt M, Hiddemann W; German Low-Grade Lymphoma Study Group. The addition of rituximab to a combination of fludarabine, cyclophosphamide, mitoxantrone (FCM) significantly increases the response rate and prolongs survival as compared with FCM alone in patients with relapsed and refractory follicular and mantle cell lymphomas: results of a prospective randomized study of the German Low-Grade Lymphoma Study Group. Blood. 2004 Nov 15;104(10):3064-71. Epub 2004 Jul 29. link to original article contains verified protocol PubMed
    1. Update: Forstpointner R, Unterhalt M, Dreyling M, Böck HP, Repp R, Wandt H, Pott C, Seymour JF, Metzner B, Hänel A, Lehmann T, Hartmann F, Einsele H, Hiddemann W; German Low Grade Lymphoma Study Group (GLSG). Maintenance therapy with rituximab leads to a significant prolongation of response duration after salvage therapy with a combination of rituximab, fludarabine, cyclophosphamide, and mitoxantrone (R-FCM) in patients with recurring and refractory follicular and mantle cell lymphomas: Results of a prospective randomized study of the German Low Grade Lymphoma Study Group (GLSG). Blood. 2006 Dec 15;108(13):4003-8. Epub 2006 Aug 31. link to original article contains verified protocol PubMed