Decitabine (Dacogen)

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General information

Class/mechanism: Pyrimidine/cytosine analog, DNA hypomethylating agent. Incorporates into DNA and inhibits DNA methyltransferase, causing DNA hypomethylation, which results in cellular differentiation or apoptosis.[1][2]
Route: IV
Extravasation: no information

For conciseness and simplicity, currently will focus on treatment regimens and not list information such as: renal/hepatic dose adjustments, metabolism (including CYP450), excretion, monitoring parameters (although this will be considered for checklists), or manufacturer. Instead, for the most current information, please refer to your preferred pharmacopeias or the prescribing information.[1]

Diseases for which it is used

History of changes in FDA indication

  • 2006-05-02: Initial approval for treatment of patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) including previously treated and untreated, de novo and secondary MDS of all French-American-British subtypes (refractory anemia, refractory anemia with ringed sideroblasts, refractory anemia with excess blasts, refractory anemia with excess blasts in transformation, and chronic myelomonocytic leukemia) and intermediate-1, intermediate-2, and high-risk International Prognostic Scoring System groups. (Based on D-0007)

History of changes in EMA indication

  • 2012-09-20: Initial authorization
  • Uncertain date: Indicated for treatment of adult patients with newly diagnosed de novo or secondary acute myeloid leukaemia (AML), according to the World Health Organization (WHO) classification, who are not candidates for standard induction chemotherapy.

Patient drug information

Also known as

  • Generic name: 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine
  • Brand names: Dacogen, Decima, Decita, Decitafect, Decitas, Decitex, Natdecita