Class/mechanism: Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor. HDACs normally catalyze removal of acetyl groups from acetylated lysine residues in histones and non-histone proteins, which helps to regulate gene expression. Inhibition of histone deacetylases results in hyperacetylation of histones and modulates gene expression by creating an open chromatin state that leads to expression of previously silenced genes. Although the mechanism of action is not fully understood, inhibiting HDACs has been observed to result in cell cycle arrest and apoptosis of cancer cells.
Extravasation: no information
For conciseness and simplicity, HemOnc.org currently will focus on treatment regimens and not list information such as: renal/hepatic dose adjustments, metabolism (including CYP450), excretion, monitoring parameters (although this will be considered for checklists), or manufacturer. Instead, for the most current information, please refer to your preferred pharmacopeias such as Micromedex, Lexicomp, UpToDate (courtesy of Lexicomp), or the prescribing information.
Diseases for which it is used
Patient drug information
- Romidepsin (Istodax) package insert PDF pages 8-9
- Romidepsin (Istodax) patient drug information (UpToDate)
History of changes in FDA indication
- 11/5/2009: Initial FDA approval for treatment of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) in patients who have received at least one prior systemic therapy. (Based on NIH 01-C-0049 and GPI-04-0001)
- 6/16/2011: Additional indication for treatment of peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) in patients who have received at least one prior therapy. (Based on GPI-06-0002)
Also known as
- Code names: FK228, FR901228, NSC 630176
- Generic name: depsipeptide
- Brand name: Istodax