Defibrotide (Defitelio)

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General information

Class/mechanism: Profibrinolytic. Defibrotide is a mixture of polydeoxyribonucleotide sodium salts made from porcine intestinal tissue. In vitro, it boosts enzymatic activity of plasmin to hydrolyze fibrin clots. Defibrotide increases tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) and thrombomodulin expression while decreasing von Willebrand factor (vWF) and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) expression. Endothelial cell fibrinolysis is enchanced and endothelial cell activation is reduced. Defibrotide appears to limit damage caused by chemotherapy, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), serum starvation, and perfusion.[1][2][3]
Route: IV
Extravasation: no information

For conciseness and simplicity, currently will focus on treatment regimens and not list information such as: renal/hepatic dose adjustments, metabolism (including CYP450), excretion, monitoring parameters (although this will be considered for checklists), or manufacturer. Instead, for the most current information, please refer to your preferred pharmacopeias such as Micromedex, Lexicomp, UpToDate (courtesy of Lexicomp), or the prescribing information.[1]

Diseases for which it is used

Patient drug information

History of changes in FDA indication

History of changes in EMA indication

History of changes in PMDA indication

Also known as

  • Generic name: polydeoxyribonucleotide sodium salt
  • Brand name: Defitelio