Dalpiciclib (SHR-6390)

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Mechanism of action

From NCI Drug Dictionary: A cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitor with potential antineoplastic activity. Upon administration, dalpiciclib selectively inhibits cyclin-dependent kinase 4 (CDK4) and 6 (CDK6). This inhibits retinoblastoma (Rb) protein phosphorylation early in the G1 phase, which prevents CDK-mediated G1-S phase transition and leads to cell cycle arrest. This suppresses DNA replication and decreases tumor cell proliferation.

Preliminary data

Breast cancer, ER-positive

  1. DAWNA-1: Xu B, Zhang Q, Zhang P, Hu X, Li W, Tong Z, Sun T, Teng Y, Wu X, Ouyang Q, Yan X, Cheng J, Liu Q, Feng J, Wang X, Yin Y, Shi Y, Pan Y, Wang Y, Xie W, Yan M, Liu Y, Yan P, Wu F, Zhu X, Zou J; DAWNA-1 Study Consortium. Dalpiciclib or placebo plus fulvestrant in hormone receptor-positive and HER2-negative advanced breast cancer: a randomized, phase 3 trial. Nat Med. 2021 Nov;27(11):1904-1909. Epub 2021 Nov 4. link to original article PubMed NCT03927456
  2. DAWNA-2: Zhang P, Zhang Q, Tong Z, Sun T, Li W, Ouyang Q, Hu X, Cheng Y, Yan M, Pan Y, Teng Y, Yan X, Wang Y, Xie W, Zeng X, Wang X, Hu C, Geng C, Zhang H, Li W, Wu X, Zhong J, Xu J, Shi Y, Wei W, Bayaxi N, Zhu X, Xu B. Dalpiciclib plus letrozole or anastrozole versus placebo plus letrozole or anastrozole as first-line treatment in patients with hormone receptor-positive, HER2-negative advanced breast cancer (DAWNA-2): a multicentre, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial. Lancet Oncol. 2023 Jun;24(6):646-657. Epub 2023 May 11. link to original article PubMed NCT03966898

Also known as

  • Code name: SHR-6390