Ciltacabtagene autoleucel (Carvykti)

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Mechanism of action

From the NCI Drug Dictionary: A preparation of autologous T lymphocytes that are transduced, ex vivo, with a lentiviral vector expressing a chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) containing two bispecific anti-B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA) variable fragments of llama heavy-chain murine antibodies fused to the signaling domain of 4-1BB (CD137), with potential immunostimulating and antineoplastic activities. The antigen-binding region of the CAR is a non-scFv structure targeting two distinct regions of BCMA. Upon intravenous administration back into the patient, the autologous bi-epitope BCMA-targeted CAR T cells JNJ-68284528 are directed to cells expressing BCMA, bind to two different epitopes on BCMA and induce selective toxicity in BCMA-expressing tumor cells.

Toxicity management

Diseases for which it is established (work in progress)

History of changes in FDA indication

  • 2/28/2022: Approved for the treatment of adult patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma after four or more prior lines of therapy, including a proteasome inhibitor (PI), an immunomodulatory agent (IMiD), and an anti-CD38 monoclonal antibody. (Based on CARTITUDE-1)

Also known as

  • Code names: JNJ-68284528, LCAR-B38M
  • Generic name: cilta-cel
  • Brand name: Carvykti

References