Cediranib (Recentin)

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Mechanism of action

From the NCI Drug Dictionary: The maleate salt of an indole ether quinazoline derivative with antineoplastic activities. Competing with adenosine triphosphate, cediranib binds to and inhibits all three vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR-1,-2,-3) tyrosine kinases, thereby blocking VEGF-signaling, angiogenesis, and tumor cell growth.

Preliminary data

Colon cancer

  • HORIZON II: Hoff PM, Hochhaus A, Pestalozzi BC, Tebbutt NC, Li J, Kim TW, Koynov KD, Kurteva G, Pintér T, Cheng Y, van Eyll B, Pike L, Fielding A, Robertson JD, Saunders MP. Cediranib plus FOLFOX/CAPOX versus placebo plus FOLFOX/CAPOX in patients with previously untreated metastatic colorectal cancer: a randomized, double-blind, phase III study (HORIZON II). J Clin Oncol. 2012 Oct 10;30(29):3596-603. Epub 2012 Sep 10. link to original article contains verified protocol PubMed NCT00399035
  • HORIZON III: Schmoll HJ, Cunningham D, Sobrero A, Karapetis CS, Rougier P, Koski SL, Kocakova I, Bondarenko I, Bodoky G, Mainwaring P, Salazar R, Barker P, Mookerjee B, Robertson J, Van Cutsem E. Cediranib with mFOLFOX6 versus bevacizumab with mFOLFOX6 as first-line treatment for patients with advanced colorectal cancer: a double-blind, randomized phase III study (HORIZON III). J Clin Oncol. 2012 Oct 10;30(29):3588-95. Epub 2012 Sep 10. link to original article PubMed NCT00384176

Ovarian cancer

  • ICON6: Ledermann JA, Embleton AC, Raja F, Perren TJ, Jayson GC, Rustin GJS, Kaye SB, Hirte H, Eisenhauer E, Vaughan M, Friedlander M, González-Martín A, Stark D, Clark E, Farrelly L, Swart AM, Cook A, Kaplan RS, Parmar MKB; ICON6 collaborators. Cediranib in patients with relapsed platinum-sensitive ovarian cancer (ICON6): a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase 3 trial. Lancet. 2016 Mar 12;387(10023):1066-1074. Erratum in: Lancet. 2016 Apr 23;387(10029):1722. link to original article PubMed
    • Update: Ledermann JA, Embleton-Thirsk AC, Perren TJ, Jayson GC, Rustin GJS, Kaye SB, Hirte H, Oza A, Vaughan M, Friedlander M, González-Martín A, Deane E, Popoola B, Farrelly L, Swart AM, Kaplan RS, Parmar MKB; ICON6 collaborators. Cediranib in addition to chemotherapy for women with relapsed platinum-sensitive ovarian cancer (ICON6): overall survival results of a phase III randomised trial. ESMO Open. 2021 Apr;6(2):100043. Epub 2021 Feb 18. link to original article link to PMC article PubMed

Also known as

  • Code name: AZD2171
  • Brand name: Recentin