Basics of Pain Management

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Escalation of pain management

Figure 1: WHO's Cancer Pain Ladder for Adults (1986)
WHO ladder.jpg
Figure 2: New Adaptation of the Analgesic Ladder
New analgesic ladder.png


Figure 1: “WHO's Cancer Pain Ladder for Adults.” World Health Organization, World Health Organization, 27 Nov. 2013,
Figure 2: Vargas-Schaffer, Grisell. “Is the WHO analgesic ladder still valid? Twenty-four years of experience.” Canadian family physician Medecin de famille canadien vol. 56,6 (2010): 514-7, e202-5.