Fluorouracil, cisplatin, radiation therapy in all diseases

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Anal cancer

Source: Fluorouracil, cisplatin, radiation therapy for anal cancer

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RT: Radiation Therapy


Study Evidence Comparator Comparative Efficacy
Ajani et al. 2008 (RTOG 98-11) Phase III (E-switch-ic) Fluorouracil, Mitomycin, RT Seems to have inferior OS (*)
Peiffert et al. 2012 (ACCORD 03) Non-randomized portion of RCT
James et al. 2013 (ACT II) Phase III (E-switch-ic) Fluorouracil, Mitomycin, RT Seems not superior

Included for reference purposes only. Efficacy for RTOG 98-11 based on the 2012 update.




  1. RTOG 98-11: Ajani JA, Winter KA, Gunderson LL, Pedersen J, Benson AB 3rd, Thomas CR Jr, Mayer RJ, Haddock MG, Rich TA, Willett C. Fluorouracil, mitomycin, and radiotherapy vs fluorouracil, cisplatin, and radiotherapy for carcinoma of the anal canal: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 2008 Apr 23;299(16):1914-21. link to original article contains verified protocol PubMed
    1. Update: Gunderson LL, Winter KA, Ajani JA, Pedersen JE, Moughan J, Benson AB 3rd, Thomas CR Jr, Mayer RJ, Haddock MG, Rich TA, Willett CG. Long-term update of US GI intergroup RTOG 98-11 phase III trial for anal carcinoma: survival, relapse, and colostomy failure with concurrent chemoradiation involving fluorouracil/mitomycin versus fluorouracil/cisplatin. J Clin Oncol. 2012 Dec 10;30(35):4344-51. Epub 2012 Nov 13. link to original article link to PMC article PubMed
  2. ACCORD 03: Peiffert D, Tournier-Rangeard L, Gérard JP, Lemanski C, François E, Giovannini M, Cvitkovic F, Mirabel X, Bouché O, Luporsi E, Conroy T, Montoto-Grillot C, Mornex F, Lusinchi A, Hannoun-Lévi JM, Seitz JF, Adenis A, Hennequin C, Denis B, Ducreux M. Induction chemotherapy and dose intensification of the radiation boost in locally advanced anal canal carcinoma: final analysis of the randomized UNICANCER ACCORD 03 trial. J Clin Oncol. 2012 Jun 1;30(16):1941-8. Epub 2012 Apr 23. Erratum in: J Clin Oncol. 2012 Nov 1;30(31):3903. link to original article PubMed
  3. ACT II: James RD, Glynne-Jones R, Meadows HM, Cunningham D, Myint AS, Saunders MP, Maughan T, McDonald A, Essapen S, Leslie M, Falk S, Wilson C, Gollins S, Begum R, Ledermann J, Kadalayil L, Sebag-Montefiore D. Mitomycin or cisplatin chemoradiation with or without maintenance chemotherapy for treatment of squamous-cell carcinoma of the anus (ACT II): a randomised, phase 3, open-label, 2×2 factorial trial. Lancet Oncol. 2013 May;14(6):516-24. Epub 2013 Apr 9. link to original article contains verified protocol PubMed