Class/mechanism: Recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF). Binds to cell surface receptors on hematopoietic cells and stimulates proliferation‚ differentiation, and some end-cell functional activation.
Route: SC, IV
Extravasation: no known issues
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Diseases for which it is used
Note that colony stimulating factors are used for their adjuvant effect e.g. removing leukemia stem cells from their protective niches; they are not thought to have inherent anti-cancer activity.
Patient drug information
History of changes in FDA indication
- 2/20/1991: Initial FDA approval.
- Currently approved to:
- "Decrease the incidence of infection‚ as manifested by febrile neutropenia‚ in patients with nonmyeloid malignancies receiving myelosuppressive anticancer drugs associated with a significant incidence of severe neutropenia with fever"
- "Reduce the time to neutrophil recovery and the duration of fever, following induction or consolidation chemotherapy treatment of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML)"
- "Reduce the duration of neutropenia and neutropenia-related clinical sequelae‚ e.g.‚ febrile neutropenia, in patients with nonmyeloid malignancies undergoing myeloablative chemotherapy followed by bone marrow transplantation (BMT)"
- "Mobilize autologous hematopoietic progenitor cells into the peripheral blood for collection by leukapheresis"
- "Reduce the incidence and duration of sequelae of severe neutropenia (e.g.‚fever‚ infections‚ oropharyngeal ulcers) in symptomatic patients with congenital neutropenia‚ cyclic neutropenia‚ or idiopathic neutropenia"
Also known as
- Generic names: filgrastim, GCSF, G-CSF, granulocyte colony stimulating factor
- Brand names: