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(Per Wiktionary): "A chemical treatment to kill or halt the replication and/or spread of cancerous cells in a patient."

Sometimes the term chemotherapy is used to more generally describe any drug with an effect on cellular processes (including non-cancerous cells). However for our intent, drugs on this page are specifically active directly against human cancer cells. Note that many drugs may exert an antineoplastic effect indirectly, such as immunotherapy and endocrine therapy (hormonotherapy).